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Predicting phosphate saturation in silicate magmas : an experimental study of the effects of melt composition and temperature

Tollari Nadège, Toplis M.J. et Barnes Sarah-Jane. (2006). Predicting phosphate saturation in silicate magmas : an experimental study of the effects of melt composition and temperature. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , 70, p. 1518-1536.

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A series of 1 atm experiments has been performed to test the influence of iron content and oxidation state on the saturation of phosphate minerals in magmatic systems. Four bulk compositions of different iron content have been studied. The experiments cover a range of temperature from 1030 to 1070 degrees C and oxygen fugacity from 1.5 log units below to 1.5 log units above the Fayalite-Magnetite-Quartz buffer. The results demonstrate that neither iron content of the liquid nor oxidation state play a significant role on phosphate saturation. On the other hand, SiO (sub 2) and CaO contents of the liquid strongly influence the appearance of a crystalline phosphate. Our results are combined with data from the literature to define an equation which predicts the P (sub 2) O (sub 5) content of silicate liquids saturated in either whitlockite or fluorapatite: M (sub P2O5) (super liq-sat) = exp[T(-0.8579/139.00-M (sub SiO2) (super liq) + 0.0165)-3.3333 ln (M (sub CaO) (super liq) 0], where M represents the molar percentage of the relevant oxides and T is temperature in K. This equation is valid over extremely wide ranges of liquid composition and temperature (e.g., M SiO (sub 2) from 10% to 80%), including peraluminous liquids. The equation is used to illustrate the relative effects of melt chemistry and temperature on phosphate saturation, both in general terms and in particular for the case of ferrobasaltic differentiation relevant to the late stage differentiation of mafic layered intrusions. It is concluded that magmatic liquids may reach high concentrations in both iron and phosphorus, not through direct association of P (super 5+) and Fe (super 3+), but rather as a consequence of the variations of CaO and SiO (sub 2) content of the liquid. These results may help explain the petrogenesis of certain enigmatic rock types dominated by association of apatite and iron-titanium oxides, such as nelsonites.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:70
Pages:p. 1518-1536
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2006
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:chemical composition, chemical reactions, crystallization, electron probe data, experimental studies, fayalite, framework silicates, geochemistry, igneous rocks, intrusions, iron, layered intrusions, liquid phase, mafic composition, magmas, magmatism, magnetite, major elements, mathematical methods, melts, metals
Déposé le:19 déc. 2011 22:56
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 14:16
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