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Emissions from the copper–nickel industry on the Kola Peninsula and at Noril’sk, Russia

Boyd Rognvald, Barnes Sarah-Jane, De Caritat Patrice, Chekushin Victor A., Melezhik Victor A., Reimann Clemens et Zientek Michael L.. (2009). Emissions from the copper–nickel industry on the Kola Peninsula and at Noril’sk, Russia. Atmospheric environment, 43, (7), p. 1474-1480.

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Résumé

Published estimates for base metal emissions from the copper–nickel industry on the Kola Peninsula are re-examined in the light of (a) chemical data on the composition of the ores; (b) official emission figures for 1994; and (c) modelled emissions based on dry and wet deposition estimates derived from data for snow and rain samples collected in 1994. The modelled emissions, official emission figures and chemical data are mutually compatible for Ni, Cu and Co and show that previously published figures underestimated the emissions of the major elements, Ni and Cu (though within the same order of magnitude) and overestimated the emissions of As, Pb, Sb and Zn by up to several orders of magnitude, in some cases exceeding the calculated total input to the plants. Published estimates have neglected information on the nature and chemistry of the ores processed in metallurgical industries in the Noril’sk area of Siberia and the Urals. Revised emission estimates for 1994, using knowledge of the chemistry of the ores, are proposed: taken with published information on total emissions up to 2000 these data give an indication of emission levels in more recent years.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:43
Numéro:7
Pages:p. 1474-1480
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2009
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:base metals, nickel, copper, smelter emissions, geochemistry, ore chemistry, Russia
Déposé le:13 juin 2016 12:53
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 14:52
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