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A simple surface treatment and characterization of AA 6061 aluminum alloy surface for adhesive bonding applications

Saleema Noormohammed, Sarkar Dilip K., Paynter Royston W., Gallant Danick et Eskandarian Masoomeh. (2012). A simple surface treatment and characterization of AA 6061 aluminum alloy surface for adhesive bonding applications. Applied Surface Science, 261, p. 742-748.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.08.091

Résumé

Structural adhesive bonding of aluminum is widely used in aircraft and automotive industries. It has been widely noted that surface preparation of aluminum surfaces prior to adhesive bonding plays a significant role in improving the strength of the adhesive bond. Surface cleanliness, surface roughness, surface wettability and surface chemistry are controlled primarily by proper surface treatment methods. In this study, we have employed a very simple technique influencing all these criteria by simply immersing aluminum substrates in a very dilute solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and we have studied the effect of varying the treatment period on the adhesive bonding characteristics. A bi-component epoxy adhesive was used to join the treated surfaces and the bond strengths were evaluated via single lap shear (SLS) tests in pristine as well as degraded conditions. Surface morphology, chemistry, crystalline nature and wettability of the NaOH treated surfaces were characterized using various surface analytical tools such as scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX), optical profilometry, infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy, Xray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and contact angle goniometry. Excellent adhesion characteristics with complete cohesive failure of the adhesive were encountered on the NaOH treated surfaces that are comparable to the benchmark treatments such as anodization, which involve use of strong acids and multiple steps of treatment procedures. The NaOH treatment reported in this work is a very simple method with the use of a very dilute solution with simple ultrasonication being sufficient to produce durable joints.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:261
Pages:p. 742-748
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:15 Novembre 2012
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:NaOH surface treatment, infra-red reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Wettability, Aluminum adhesive bonding, NaOH traitement de surface, Infra-rouge spectroscopie d'absorption de réflexion (IRRAS), Spectroscopie photoélectronique aux rayons X (XPS), Diffraction des rayons X (XRD), mouillabilité, collage aluminium
Déposé le:18 sept. 2015 01:59
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 13:34
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