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Atmospheric icing severity : quantification and mapping

Lamraoui Fayçal, Fortin Guy, Benoit Robert, Perron Jean et Masson Christian. (2013). Atmospheric icing severity : quantification and mapping. Atmospheric Research, 128, p. 57-75.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2013.03.0...

Résumé

Atmospheric icing became a primary concern due to the significant impact and hazardous conditions of its accretion on structures. The objective of this study is to provide a map of icing events over 32. years (1979 to 2010) that describes the severity of winter icing. This information will prove useful to prevent damages and economical losses due to icing events by documenting the risk factor. To validate the icing climatology method, two case studies involving two topographically contrasting sites were selected: a simple terrain site which is the airport of Bagotville, near Saguenay (Canada) and a complex terrain site located in Mt Bélair, near Quebec City (Canada). Ice accumulation calculated by the use of reanalysis data was quantified using ice accretion on a cylinder model. Comparison between measurement and the model over Bagotville revealed insignificant differences in ice accumulation less than 0.3. mm, and in duration of icing events less than 0.2. day. On the other hand, during winter months, the calculation that showed a maximum of 60. mm in January 1999 over Mt Bélair site also had an underestimation of ice accumulation that varies from 5. mm to 16. mm. The horizontal resolution of NARR imposes a challenge on the calculation of icing events over complex terrains, especially during the months of November and March when air temperature is near freezing point. Taking into account the liquid water content, the duration of icing events and the classes of icing events as weighting factors, the icing severity index based on reanalysis data was introduced to assess the severity level of icing events, covering the north-east of Quebec including Quebec City, Sept-Iles, the east of Saguenay, the lower St Lawrence River and the Gaspe region. Consequently, an icing severity index mapping that represents the climatology of in-cloud atmospheric icing was produced.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:128
Pages:p. 57-75
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2013
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:atmospheric icing, ice accretion, icing severity, mapping, reanalysis, surface climate, givrage atmosphérique, accumulation de glace, mesure de givrage, climat de surface, cartographie, réanalyse
Déposé le:21 janv. 2016 23:33
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 13:41
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