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Surface modification and functionalization of oxide nanoparticles for superhydrophobic applications

Brassard Jean-Denis, Sarkar Dilip K. et Perron Jean. (2012). Surface modification and functionalization of oxide nanoparticles for superhydrophobic applications. Advanced Materials Research, 409, p. 469-473.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/A...

Résumé

Oxide nanoparticles have tremendous technological applications in the present days in diverse fields. In this study, the surface modification and functionalization of hydrophilic silica (SiO 2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were performed to obtain superhydrophobicity. Monodispersive nanoparticles of SiO 2 were prepared by Stöber process using tetraethoxysilane (Si(OC 2H 5) 4) as a precursor and ammonium hydroxide as a catalyst in a ethanolic solution. The surface modification of the silica nanoparticles were performed using fluoroalkylsilane (FAS-17: C 16H 19F 17O 3Si) molecules to obtain fluorinated silica nanoparticles of diameter varying from 50nm to 300nm. On the other hand, surface modification of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles was performed using stearic acid (C 18H 36O 2) molecules to obtain methylated ZnO nanoparticles. These functionalized nanoparticles were characterized both in the form of powder as well as thin films. The bonding characteristics of FAS-17 molecules with SiO 2 and stearic acid molecules with ZnO were investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Nanostructured thin films of these functionalized oxide nanoparticles exhibit superhydrophobicity with contact angles over 150° with water roll-off properties. Such functionalized oxides nanoparticles, therefore, can be easily incorporated in coatings and paints for various applications in emerging technologies like biomedical applications, anti-corrosion, antiicing, drag reduction and energy consumption reduction.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:409
Pages:p. 469-473
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2012
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:angle de contact, nanoparticules fonctionnalisées, oxyde de zinc et de silice, revêtements superhydrophobes, functionalized nanoparticles, zinc oxide and silica nanoparticles, fluoroalkylsilane, superhydrophobic coatings, FTIR, XRD, SEM, contact angle
Déposé le:29 janv. 2016 01:54
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 13:56
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