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Influence of wind on crop canopy reflectance measurements

Lord Daniel, Desjardins R. L. et Dubé P. A.. (1985). Influence of wind on crop canopy reflectance measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment, 18, p. 113-123.

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Résumé

Remote sensing techniques of measuring red and far-red crop canopy reflectance are frequently used to estimate crop canopy characteristics. The variability introduced in reflectance data from nonvegetative factors such as wind decreases the usefulness of the techniques. The objective of this study was to quantify and minimize the variability from wind on spectral reflectances. Red and far-red reflectances were acquired above wheat, barley, and alfalfa canopies throughout days of changing wind conditions. Periods of 312 s with little changes in irradiance values were used for the analysis. Wind had negligible effect on reflectances of a short canopy such as cut alfalfa, while it had a significant effect on reflectances from canopies with a higher vertical structure, particularly during gusty conditions. Within the windy and calm periods, extreme values of spectral reflectance differed by 60% and 12%, respectively, in the red, and by 40% and 8% in the far-red for the barley canopy. For the compact and dense canopy structure of alfalfa, these differences reached a maximum of 10% under windy conditions in both spectral regions. The plant canopy architecture, the wind conditions, and the spectral regions all affected the magnitude of the influence of wind on crop canopy spectral reflectances. The mean reflectance of a canopy overestimated the true reflectance by 2–4% while the use of the median reduced this overestimation. Sampling requirements for this sensor are evaluated, and the possibility of decreasing either the sampling rate or the sampling period is discussed.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:18
Pages:p. 113-123
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:1985
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales > Modules des sciences fondamentales
Mots-clés:remote sensing, crop canopy, reflectance
Déposé le:20 janv. 2016 02:45
Dernière modification:20 janv. 2016 02:45
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