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Volatile compounds in the foliage of balsam fir analyzed by static headspace gas chromatography (HS-GC) : an example of the spruce budworm defoliation effect in the boreal forest of Quebec, Canada

Caron Laurie, Deslauriers Annie, Mshvildadze Vakhtang et Pichette André. (2013). Volatile compounds in the foliage of balsam fir analyzed by static headspace gas chromatography (HS-GC) : an example of the spruce budworm defoliation effect in the boreal forest of Quebec, Canada. Microchemical Journal, 110, p. 587-590.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2013.07.003

Résumé

Many studies have focused on the influence of needle defense compounds that are produced when trees are attacked. Spruce budworm is the most important defoliator of conifers in eastern North America causing tree mortality. Volatile components such as terpenes are of importance as they are known to be agents of defense in plants and trees against many aggressors like spruce budworm. In this study, the static headspace gas chromatography (HS-GC) method was used to evaluate volatile compounds in the foliage of balsam fir (Abies balsamea) in order to compare the results obtained with the traditional GC–MS method. An advantage of analyzing plant volatile compounds with the HS-GC was the simplicity of execution, allowing a large number of samples to be treated. The most abundant volatile molecules were identified on the HS-GC chromatogram, except for some compounds such as α-thujene, fenchone, terpin-1-en-4-ol and α-terpineol. In addition to the qualitative analysis of terpene, a quantitative analysis of β-phellandrene was done to compare the variation of this compound between a control and a defoliated site. This study suggests that β-phellandrene was released as a response to injuries when the site was heavily defoliated by spruce budworm.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:0026265X
Volume:110
Pages:p. 587-590
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2013
Identifiant unique:10.1016/j.microc.2013.07.003
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées > Foresterie et sciences du bois
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Chimie
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Mots-clés:Static headspace, balsam fir, Abies balsamea, β-Phellandrene, monoterpene
Déposé le:26 janv. 2016 00:58
Dernière modification:05 déc. 2016 20:43
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Creative Commons LicenseSauf indication contraire, les documents archivés dans Constellation sont rendus disponibles selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons "Paternité, pas d'utilisation commerciale, pas de modification" 2.5 Canada.

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