Dion Jacinthe, Hains Jennifer, Vachon Patrick, Plouffe Jacques, Laberge Luc, Perron Michel, McDuff Pierre, Kalinova Émilia et Leone Mario. (2016). Be thinner or larger? Correlates of body dissatisfaction in a large sample of French-Canadian children. The Journal of Pediatrics,
- Version soumise
URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.12.045
Objective: To assess body dissatisfaction among children between 9 and 14 years and to examine factors (age, gender, Body Mass Index (BMI), perceived shape, and self-esteem) associated with wanting a thinner or a larger shape.
Study design: Through at-school questionnaires, 1,515 preadolescent children (51.2% girls) were asked to fill out the Culture Free Self-Esteem Inventory and the Contour Drawing Rating Scale (body dissatisfaction). Trained assessors then weighed and measured the students individually.
Results: Overall, 50.5% of girls wanted a thinner shape compared to 35.9% of boys. More boys wanted a larger shape compared to girls (21.1% vs. 7.2%). Most of the preadolescents who were overweight or obese were unsatisfied whereas 58.0% of girls and 41.6% of boys who were underweight were satisfied with their body. Results of a multinomial logistic regression revealed that age, gender, BMI, perceived shape, and self-esteem were significant correlates of the four body dissatisfaction contrasts (wanting a slightly thinner, much thinner, slightly larger, and much larger shape) and explained 50% of the variance. An interaction between gender and perceived shape was found, revealing that girls who perceived themselves as having a larger shape were more likely to desire a thinner shape than boys.
Conclusions: The high prevalence rate of body dissatisfaction among children suggests that current approaches in our society to prevent problems related to body image must be improved. The different results between girls and boys highlight the need to take into account gender differences when designing prevention programs that aim to decrease body dissatisfaction.
|Type de document:||Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation|
|Version évaluée par les pairs:||Non|
|Sujets:||Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie|
Sciences de la santé
|Département, module, service et unité de recherche:||Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie|
Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Programmes d'études en kinésiologie
|Mots-clés:||Body image, BMI, weight, self-esteem, children, gender, image corporelle, estime de soi, poids, enfants|
|Déposé le:||09 févr. 2016 01:48|
|Dernière modification:||25 nov. 2016 18:20|
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