LiveZilla Live Chat Software

Constellation, le dépôt institutionnel de l'Université du Québec à Chicoutimi

Be thinner or larger? Correlates of body dissatisfaction in a large sample of French-Canadian children

Dion Jacinthe, Hains Jennifer, Vachon Patrick, Plouffe Jacques, Laberge Luc, Perron Michel, McDuff Pierre, Kalinova Émilia et Leone Mario. (2016). Be thinner or larger? Correlates of body dissatisfaction in a large sample of French-Canadian children. The Journal of Pediatrics,

[img]
Prévisualisation
PDF - Version soumise
172kB

URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.12.045

Résumé

Objective: To assess body dissatisfaction among children between 9 and 14 years and to examine factors (age, gender, Body Mass Index (BMI), perceived shape, and self-esteem) associated with wanting a thinner or a larger shape.

Study design: Through at-school questionnaires, 1,515 preadolescent children (51.2% girls) were asked to fill out the Culture Free Self-Esteem Inventory and the Contour Drawing Rating Scale (body dissatisfaction). Trained assessors then weighed and measured the students individually.

Results: Overall, 50.5% of girls wanted a thinner shape compared to 35.9% of boys. More boys wanted a larger shape compared to girls (21.1% vs. 7.2%). Most of the preadolescents who were overweight or obese were unsatisfied whereas 58.0% of girls and 41.6% of boys who were underweight were satisfied with their body. Results of a multinomial logistic regression revealed that age, gender, BMI, perceived shape, and self-esteem were significant correlates of the four body dissatisfaction contrasts (wanting a slightly thinner, much thinner, slightly larger, and much larger shape) and explained 50% of the variance. An interaction between gender and perceived shape was found, revealing that girls who perceived themselves as having a larger shape were more likely to desire a thinner shape than boys.

Conclusions: The high prevalence rate of body dissatisfaction among children suggests that current approaches in our society to prevent problems related to body image must be improved. The different results between girls and boys highlight the need to take into account gender differences when designing prevention programs that aim to decrease body dissatisfaction.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Version évaluée par les pairs:Non
Date:2016
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Programmes d'études en kinésiologie
Mots-clés:Body image, BMI, weight, self-esteem, children, gender, image corporelle, estime de soi, poids, enfants
Déposé le:09 févr. 2016 01:48
Dernière modification:25 nov. 2016 18:20
Afficher les statistiques de telechargements

Éditer le document (administrateurs uniquement)

Creative Commons LicenseSauf indication contraire, les documents archivés dans Constellation sont rendus disponibles selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons "Paternité, pas d'utilisation commerciale, pas de modification" 2.5 Canada.

Bibliothèque Paul-Émile-Boulet, UQAC
555, boulevard de l'Université
Chicoutimi (Québec)  CANADA G7H 2B1
418 545-5011, poste 5630