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Impact of residential schooling and of child abuse on substance use problem in Indigenous Peoples

Ross Amélie, Dion Jacinthe, Cantinotti Michael, Collin-Vézina Delphine et Paquette Linda. (2015). Impact of residential schooling and of child abuse on substance use problem in Indigenous Peoples. Addictive behaviors, 51, p. 184-192.

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Résumé

Residential schools were the institutions, in operation from the 19th century to the late 20th century, which Indigenous children in Canada were forced to attend. The literature shows that many young people who attended these institutions were victims of neglect and abuse. Negative psychological effects resulting from child abuse have been amply documented. However, very few studies on this subject have been carried out among Canada's Indigenous peoples. The objective of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate, for an Indigenous population in Quebec (Canada), the impact of residential schooling as well as self-reported experiences of sexual and physical abuse during childhood on the development of alcohol and drug use problems in adulthood. A total of 358 Indigenous participants were interviewed (164 men [45.8%] and 194 women [54.2%]). Alcohol abuse was evaluated using the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Drug abuse was assessed with the Drug Abuse Screening Test-20 (DAST). Child abuse and residential schooling were assessed with dichotomous questions (yes/no). Among the participants, 28.5% (n = 102) had attended residential schools, 35.2% (n = 121) reported having experienced sexual abuse, and 34.1% (n = 117) reported having experienced physical abuse before adulthood. Results of the exact logistic regression analyses indicated that residential school attendance was linked to alcohol problems, while child abuse was related to drug use problems. The results of this study highlight the importance of considering the consequences of historical traumas related to residential schools to better understand the current situation of Indigenous peoples in Canada.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:51
Pages:p. 184-192
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:Décembre 2015
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences de l'éducation
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Mots-clés:Indigenous Peoples, substance abuse, residential school, child abuse
Déposé le:25 févr. 2016 01:37
Dernière modification:17 oct. 2017 02:42
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