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Partitioning of nickel, copper, iridium, rhenium, platinum, and palladium between monosulfide solid solution and sulfide liquid : effects of composition and temperature

Li Chusi, Barnes Sarah-Jane, Makovicky E., Rose-Hansen J. et Makovicky M.. (1996). Partitioning of nickel, copper, iridium, rhenium, platinum, and palladium between monosulfide solid solution and sulfide liquid : effects of composition and temperature. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 60, (7), p. 1231-1238.

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Partitioning of Ni, Cu, and Pt-group elements (Ir, Rh, Pt, Pd) between monosulfide solid solution (Mss) and sulfide liquid has been investigated in the Fe-Ni-Cu-S system at 1000 and 1100°C and one atmosphere pressure. The Nernst partition coefficients (D = wt% in Mss/wt% in sulfide liquid) for Ni vary significantly from 0.19 to 1.17, while the values of DCu show a limited range of 0.17–0.27. The partition coefficients for Ir range from 1.06 to 13. Rhodium has a partition coefficient slightly lower than that of Ir under the same conditions, ranging from 0.37 to 8.23. The partition coefficients for Pt and Pd vary from 0.05 to 0.16, and from 0.08 to 0.27, respectively. The partition coefficients depend strongly on the bulk S contents of the system. They increase with increasing S contents in both Mss and liquid. Platinum, Pd, and Cu behave incompatibly during Mss crystallization, strongly partitioning into sulfide liquid. Nickel is incompatible in S-undersaturated systems and S-saturated systems. It becomes compatible when the system is S-oversaturated. Rhodium is compatible in S-saturated and S-oversaturated systems, but incompatible in S-undersaturated systems. Iridium changes from highly compatible through moderately compatible to slightly compatible when the system changes from S-oversaturated through S-saturated to S-undersaturated. The effect of temperature on metal partitioning is observed only in S-oversaturated systems, in which the partition coefficients for Ni and Rh increase with decrease of temperature. The compatible behavior of Ir and Rh, and incompatible behavior of Pt and Pd and Cu under S-saturated conditions appears to support the hypothesis that the observed metal zonation in many sulfide ore deposits such as Sudbury, Ontario and Noril’sk, Siberia resulted from sulfide liquid fractionation.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:0016-7037
Volume:60
Numéro:7
Pages:p. 1231-1238
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:1996
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Déposé le:29 avr. 2016 01:16
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 14:09
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