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Effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation protocol to improve the health-related quality of life and postural balance in patients with vertigo

Tsukamoto Heloísa Freiria, de Souza Pinho Costa Viviane, da Silva Rubens Alexandre, Garcia Pelosi Gislaine, de Moraes Marchiori Luciana Lozza, Sanches Vaz Cláudia Regina et Barros Parron Fernandes Karen. (2015). Effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation protocol to improve the health-related quality of life and postural balance in patients with vertigo. International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, 19, (3), p. 238-247.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1055/s-0035-1547523

Résumé

Introduction: Dizziness can be characterized as a balance disorder that causes discomfort, leading to several functional limitations. Currently, vestibular rehabilitation has been highlighted as a possible treatment.

Objective: Analyze the effects of completing a vestibular rehabilitation treatment protocol on quality of life and postural balance in patients with vestibular complaints, as well as to compare these effects between the patients taking or not taking antivertigo drugs.

Methods: A nonrandomized controlled trial was performed with 20 patients previously diagnosed with vestibular diseases. Information regarding vertigo symptoms, quality of life as assessed through the Dizziness Handicap Inventory, visual analog scale of dizziness, and stabilometry using force platform was collected. Patients were treated for 12 weeks by a custom protocol. The sample was divided into two groups according to the use (medicated group, n = 9) or not (control group, n = 11) of antivertigo drugs.

Results: There was improvement in quality of life (p < 0.001) and intensity of dizziness (p = 0.003) with the intervention. An improvement of postural balance was observed through functional tests. However, no statistically significant difference was noted in stabilometry. When both groups were compared, no statistically significant differences between the variations of the variables analyzed were found in the re-evaluation session.

Conclusion: Quality of life and postural balance are improved with intervention. However, this improvement is not associated with pharmacologic treatment.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue sans comité d'évaluation
Volume:19
Numéro:3
Pages:p. 238-247
Date:2015
Sujets:Sciences de la santé
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Unité d'enseignement en physiothérapie
Mots-clés:dizziness, rehabilitation, quality of life, postural balance, medicines, sensation vertigineuse, étourdissement, réadaptation, qualité de vie, équilibre postural, médication
Déposé le:12 oct. 2017 22:22
Dernière modification:12 oct. 2017 22:22
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Creative Commons LicenseSauf indication contraire, les documents archivés dans Constellation sont rendus disponibles selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons "Paternité, pas d'utilisation commerciale, pas de modification" 2.5 Canada.

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