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The relationship between health literacy and patient activation among frequent users of healthcare services: a cross-sectional study

Couture Éva-Marjorie, Chouinard Maud-Christine, Fortin Martin et Hudon Catherine. (2018). The relationship between health literacy and patient activation among frequent users of healthcare services: a cross-sectional study. BMC Family Practice, 19, (38),

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-018-0724-7

Résumé

Background: Frequent users of healthcare services are a vulnerable population that deserves attention due to high costs and negative outcomes such as lower quality of life and higher mortality. Healthcare systems should offer interventions tailored to their needs and to their level of health literacy, including strategies to promote activation. The relationship between health literacy and patient activation remains to be explored. The aim of this study was to examine the association between health literacy and patient activation in a population of frequent users of healthcare services with chronic diseases.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected (before randomization) through a clinical trial evaluating a case management intervention in primary care. Participants (n = 247) were recruited from the list of frequent users of 4 Family Medicine Groups (FMG) in the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean region of Québec (Canada). They completed questionnaires by self-report during an encounter with a research assistant: (1) the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) to evaluate health literacy (independent variable); and (2) the Patient Activation Measure-13 (PAM-13) to evaluate patient activation (dependent variable). The relationship between health literacy and activation was examined using biserial correlations.

Results: No association was found between health literacy (independent variable) and patient activation (rb = 0.075, ρ = 0.07) for this population of frequent users of healthcare services.

Conclusions: This study suggests that there is no relationship between health literacy and patient activation among frequent users of healthcare services.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:19
Numéro:38
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2018
Sujets:Sciences de la santé
Sciences de la santé > Sciences infirmières
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module des sciences infirmières
Mots-clés:frequent users, primary care, health literacy, patient activation, chronic disease, utilisateurs fréquents, soins primaires, littératie en santé, activation du patient, maladie chronique
Déposé le:24 avr. 2019 00:59
Dernière modification:24 avr. 2019 00:59
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