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Mineral grains recognition using computer vision and machine learning

Maitre Julien, Bouchard Kévin et Bédard L. Paul. (2019). Mineral grains recognition using computer vision and machine learning. Computers and Geosciences, (130), p. 84-93.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2019.05.009

Résumé

Identifying and counting individual mineral grainsc composing sand is an important component of many studies in environment, engineering, mineral exploration, ore processing and the foundation of geometallurgy. Typically, silt (32–128 μm) and sand (128–1000 μm) sized grains will be characterized under an optical microscope or a scanning electron microscope. In both cases, it is a tedious and costly process. Therefore, in this paper, we introduce an original computational approach in order to automate mineral grains recognition from numerical images obtained with a simple optical microscope. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that the current computer vision based on machine learning algorithms is tested for the automated recognition of such mineral grains. In more details, this work uses the simple linear iterative clustering segmentation to generate superpixels and many of them allow isolating sand grains, which is not possible with classical segmentation methods. Also, the approach has been tested using convolutional neural networks (CNNs). However, CNNs did not give as good results as the superpixels method. The superpixels are also exploited to extract features related to a sand grain. These image characteristics form the raw dataset. Prior to proceed with the classification, a data cleaning stage is necessary to get a usable dataset for machine learning algorithms. In addition, we present a comparison of performances of several algorithms. The overall obtained results are approximately 90% and demonstrate the concept of mineral recognition from a sample of sand grains provided by a numerical image.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Numéro:130
Pages:p. 84-93
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2019
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:segmentation, features, machine learning, ore, sand grain, recognition, classification, image processing
Déposé le:28 août 2019 00:21
Dernière modification:28 août 2019 00:21
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