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An analytical model for rapid estimation of hurricane supergradient winds

Snaiki Reda et Wu Teng. (2020). An analytical model for rapid estimation of hurricane supergradient winds. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 201, p. 104175.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104175

Résumé

The supergradient winds that may have severe implications on the wind design of high-rise buildings have been commonly observed in the hurricane boundary layer. However, the widely-used log-law or power-law wind profile excludes the supergradient-wind region in which the tangential winds are larger than the gradient winds. Although high-fidelity, nonlinear hurricane wind models may well capture the supergradient winds, high computational demand is needed for each simulation. Recently developed linear, height-resolving hurricane wind models, while can efficiently consider the existence of supergradient winds, significantly underestimate them due essentially to the ignorance of vertical advection term in the governing equations. A number of studies have actually demonstrated that the vertical advection is a major contributor to the transfer of horizontal momentum to the supergradient region. To this end, a refined analytical model that simultaneously integrates the horizontal advection, vertical advection and vertical diffusion terms into the governing equations is developed for accurately and efficiently estimating the hurricane supergradient winds. The important role of the vertical wind speed in determining the horizontal wind speeds (including supergradient winds) in the hurricane boundary layer is highlighted. Since the horizontal and vertical wind components are mutually dependent, the iteration technique is utilized to solve the proposed analytical model. The consideration of the vertical advection results in intensified supergradient winds that are consistent with the observations. Furthermore, a strong outflow region in the vicinity of the radius of maximum winds due to the supergradient winds can be obtained. Due to its simplicity and computational efficiency, the developed analytical model can be easily implemented in the Monte Carlo simulations for the rapid assessment of hurricane wind risk to coastal structures, especially to high-rise buildings.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:201
Pages:p. 104175
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:Juin 2020
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:Hurricane, boundary layer, wind field, supergradient wind, vertical advection, ouragan, couche limite, champ de vent, vent supergradient, advection verticale
Déposé le:03 févr. 2021 21:16
Dernière modification:03 févr. 2021 21:16
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