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Expectations of stakeholders regarding technology in home care to optimise the functional autonomy of clients

Couture Mélanie, Bandaly S., Giroux Sylvain, Lussier Maxime, Bottari Carolina, Pigot Hélène, Paré G., Bouchard Kévin, Gaboury Sébastien et Bier Nathalie. (2018). Expectations of stakeholders regarding technology in home care to optimise the functional autonomy of clients. Gerontechnology, 17, (Suppl.), p. 12.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.4017/gt.2018.17.s.012.00

Résumé

Purpose : In Quebec, administrators of home care are more and more open to offering smart environments as part of services to maintain at home individuals facing an important loss of autonomy. Nonetheless, the implementation of technology in the context of home care requires the involvement of other stakeholders including care providers, clients and their families. The influence of care providers on the implementation of technology within the healthcare system is documented (Cf. Reviews1 2). However, little information is available about the implementation of technology in the community as well as the perspective of the clients and their families. Consequently, stakeholders in home care may not have the same expectations as those working in an institutional setting. Acceptance of technology is not the only barrier to the implementation, other factors such as social, technical, and organizational context can play a role.

Method : Prior to implementing technology within home care services of an Integrated University Health and Social Services Centre in Montreal (Quebec), the purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate the perspectives of multiple stakeholders in regards to: (1) facilitators and barriers to maintaining individuals at risk of self-neglect at home; and (2) expectations toward technology to optimise the functional autonomy of this clientele. lndividuals and group interviews were conducted with administrators (n = 2), head of services (n=S), care providers (n = 8), as well as clients at risk of self-neglect (n = 5) and their caregivers (n = 3). Data was analyzed using the approach of Miles, Huberman and Saldana.

Results & Discussion : Perspectives of stakeholders were sometimes complementary but also divergent. On the one hand, the concept of perceived risk for the client was central to the decision-making process regarding the type of support needed to maintain the persan at home including technology. On the other hand, some of the clients expressed relatively no needs for services as they perceived themselves as functioning well at home while other stakeholders identified important problems. Overall, technology was expected to fulfill two main functions: (1) obtaining additional data to support the decision-making process related to the type and frequency of support needed to maintain the client at home; and (2) supporting the autonomy of the client. In conclusion, these results suggest that the implementation of technology within home care requires merging perspectives from multiple stakeholders to have a common understanding of the needs of the client and identify common objectives regarding the role of technology.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:15691101
Volume:17
Numéro:Suppl.
Pages:p. 12
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2018
Identifiant unique:10.4017/gt.2018.17.s.012.00
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences mathématiques > Informatique
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département d'informatique et de mathématique
Mots-clés:technology, implementation, social and health care system, functional autonomy, perspectives, dementia, mild cognitive impairment, proceedings
Déposé le:15 févr. 2021 18:57
Dernière modification:15 févr. 2021 18:57
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