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An advanced dynamic process model for industrial horizontal anode baking furnace

Oumarou Noura, Kocaefe Duygu et Kocaefe Yasar S.. (2018). An advanced dynamic process model for industrial horizontal anode baking furnace. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 53, p. 384-399.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.apm.2017.09.003

Résumé

The global aluminum industry is facing new challenges due to new technological developments. Carbon anodes, consisting of mainly petroleum coke and coal tar pitch, are used in the electrolytic production of aluminum. High amperage utilization in the electrolytic cells with the objective of increasing production requires high quality carbon anodes. The anode quality depends both on raw material quality, anode recipe as well as forming and baking conditions of anode manufacturing process. The cost of the baking process constitutes 15 to 25% of the total aluminum production cost [1]. The industrial challenge is to produce better quality anodes consuming less energy, and reducing environmental emissions. A transient two dimensional (2D+) process model for horizontal anode baking furnace was developed during this study. The main objective was to develop an efficient furnace model with low computation load and time, using the transient Finite Difference Method and simplified furnace geometry. The model represents several phenomena involved during the anode baking process such as heat transfer (convection, radiation and conduction), fuel combustion, volatile matter (tar, methane and hydrogen) generation and combustion, air infiltration and energy loss to the atmosphere from the walls, the top of the furnace and the foundation. The model was developed using two coupled sub-models; the first one describes the thermal conduction through the solid materials (brick refractory wall, packing coke and anode block) as well as the volatile release, and the second one describes the gas flow, heat and mass transfer as well as the combustion of fuel and volatiles in the flue. Compared to the existing process models (where the gas flow in flue is assumed as unidirectional along the horizontal furnace direction), the present model also considers the gas flow in vertical direction and uses four vertical planes per pit section to predict the temperature of the solids. The model predicts 2D temperature distribution within the flue gas (xy plane) and the pit solid materials (yz plane) allowing then the prediction of the pseudo tridimensional distribution of the solid temperature. This model is a useful tool for the continuous monitoring of anode temperature and studying of the horizontal anode baking furnace behaviour. The effect of any change in operational parameters and the energy consumption on the furnace operation can be predicted.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:53
Pages:p. 384-399
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:Janvier 2018
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:anode baking furnace, horizontal furnace, dynamic process model, heat transfer, numerical modelling, four de cuisson d'anode, four horizontal, modèle de processus dynamique, transfert de chaleur, modélisation numérique
Déposé le:22 févr. 2021 22:44
Dernière modification:22 févr. 2021 22:44
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