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Disparities in the prevalence of ADHD diagnoses, suspicion, and medication use between Flanders and Québec from the lens of the medicalization process

Brault Marie-Christine, Degroote Emma et Van Houtte Mieke. (2022). Disparities in the prevalence of ADHD diagnoses, suspicion, and medication use between Flanders and Québec from the lens of the medicalization process. Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine,

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URL officielle: https://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1177/13634593221093492

Résumé

The prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses and medication use has increased over time around the world, but significant regional differences remain. This paper aims to determine and explain disparities in ADHD prevalence and medication use among school-aged children in two distinct school systems, in Flanders (Belgium) and Québec (Canada). We present detailed descriptive and comparative analyses of data from 35 schools, 114 teachers, and 1046 parents (children) that were collected as part of a comparative international project. The data concern teacher and parent suspicions, teachers’ ratings of ADHD-related behaviors in children, teachers’ views of medication use, and teachers’ beliefs about ADHD. The results show that, compared with Flanders, Québec had significantly more children diagnosed with ADHD and more frequent suspicions of ADHD in children by teachers and parents. We refer to the conceptual, institutional, and interactional levels of medicalization to interpret our findings and conclude that social and cultural readings of children’s behaviors differ greatly between regions. Medicalization of children’s behaviors is more common in Québec than in Flanders.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:1363-4593
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2022
Identifiant unique:10.1177/13634593221093492
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Sociologie
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences humaines
Mots-clés:ADHD diagnosis, comparative analysis, medicalization, medication, suspicion
Déposé le:09 juin 2022 15:04
Dernière modification:09 juin 2022 15:04
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