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Maternal psychological distress and offspring psychological adjustment in emerging adulthood: findings from over 18 years

Nilsen Wendy, Dion Jacinthe, Karevold Evalill et Skipstein Anni. (2016). Maternal psychological distress and offspring psychological adjustment in emerging adulthood: findings from over 18 years. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 37, (9), p. 746-752.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000365

Résumé

Objective: To examine the long-term prediction of psychological maladaptive (i.e., symptoms of anxiety and depression) and adaptive adjustment (i.e., self-efficacy) in emerging adult offspring from trajectories of maternal psychological distress from toddlerhood to adolescence.

Method: Trajectories of maternal psychological distress (low, moderate, high, and low-rising patterns) from toddlerhood (age 1.5 years) to adolescence (age 14.5 years) were used to predict psychological adjustment in emerging adult offspring (age 18–20 years) (n = 400).

Results: Adverse maternal distress trajectories during childhood were linked to maladaptive and adaptive adjustment in adult offspring. Consistently high maternal distress levels experienced across childhood predicted higher symptoms of anxiety and depression and lower self-efficacy than low maternal distress trajectories. Two other adverse maternal distress trajectories (consistently moderate and low-rising patterns) compared with the low trajectory predicted higher offspring depressive symptoms. The findings persisted when adjusting for potential confounders: offspring gender and maternal education, relationship status, language, and economy.

Conclusion: The current study showed longitudinal multi-informant impact from adverse maternal distress trajectories to adult offspring maladjustment over 18 years, emphasizing the importance of early identification and prevention.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:37
Numéro:9
Pages:p. 746-752
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2016
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Mots-clés:Child of impaired parents, social adjustment, stress, mothers, mental health, intergenerational, emerging adulthood, self-efficacy, depression, anxiety
Déposé le:24 avr. 2019 22:32
Dernière modification:24 avr. 2019 22:32
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