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Forest transformation following European settlement in the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean valley in Eastern Québec, Canada

Dupuis Sébastien, Danneyrolles Victor, Laflamme Jason, Boucher Yan et Arseneault Dominique. (2020). Forest transformation following European settlement in the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean valley in Eastern Québec, Canada. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8, p. 257.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3389/fevo.2020.00257

Résumé

Human activities have changed forest composition of northeastern North America since European settlement by increasing the importance of pioneer shade-intolerant species, at the expense of shade-tolerant and long-lived species. This study used tree taxa lists from land survey archives (1842–1935) to document the pre-settlement forest composition in a heavily transformed region at the temperate-boreal interface in eastern Québec (Canada). Pre-settlement forests were dominated by a spruce-fir-white birch assemblage. Two additional assemblages were characterized by high relative frequency of the fire-adapted jack pine and poplar, suggesting that fire was an important factor of pre-settlement forest dynamics. Comparison with modern forest inventories (1980–2010) showed that trembling aspen, jack pine and red maple increased to the detriment of spruce, yellow birch, and white and red pines. The spruce-fir-white birch assemblage is now confined to high elevations and steep slopes, while the jack pine assemblage has extended its distribution and strengthen its association with sandy deposits. Surveyors’ fire observations revealed a high fire activity during the settlement period (1842–1971) and human ignitions were probably the predominant cause. While settlement fires are a likely explanation for the post-settlement increase of jack pine and trembling aspen, industrial logging and land clearing are important factors that could explain the decline of spruce and pines (red and white). Ecosystem-based forest management should aim to increase spruce frequency and dominance over disturbance-adapted (shade intolerant and fast-growing) species, and to restore yellow birch, cedar, white, and red pines in the plains sector where forest transformation has been the most important.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:2296-701X
Volume:8
Pages:p. 257
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2020
Identifiant unique:10.3389/fevo.2020.00257
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées > Foresterie et sciences du bois
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Mots-clés:anthropogenic fires, temperate-boreal ecotone, land survey records, forest composition change, land-use change, poplar, spruce
Déposé le:09 sept. 2021 20:49
Dernière modification:09 sept. 2021 20:49
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