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Changes in Canadian Adolescent Well-Being since the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Prior Child Maltreatment

Dion Jacinthe, Hamel Catherine, Clermont Camille, Blackburn Marie-Ève, Hébert Martine, Paquette Linda, Lalande Daniel et Bergeron Sophie. (2022). Changes in Canadian Adolescent Well-Being since the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Prior Child Maltreatment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19, (16), e10172.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191610172

Résumé

Adolescents may be particularly vulnerable to the negative impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, given their increased socialization needs during this developmental period. This prospective study examined the potential changes in adolescents’ well-being from before to during the pandemic, and the moderating role of a history of child maltreatment (CM), COVID-19-related distress, and gender among 1,802 adolescents (55.5% participants identified as boy, 42.2% as girl, and 1.5% as nonbinary; Mage 14.74 years). Another aim was to determine whether COVID-19-related distress mediated the relationship between CM and well-being. Results revealed that COVID-19-related distress was associated with lower well-being (i.e., higher levels of internalized and externalized behaviors, and lower levels of self-esteem and life satisfaction). Boys experienced a greater decrease in life satisfaction and self-esteem than girls. A history of CM had a moderation effect, with the pandemic having a lesser impact on the outcomes of adolescents with such a history. However, it was also associated with more COVID-19-related distress, which in turn was associated with lower levels of internalized and externalized behaviors, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. These unexpected results with regard to CM might indicate that the social restrictions during the pandemic could have had a relieving effect on adolescents with particular challenges associated with CM.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:1660-4601
Volume:19
Numéro:16
Pages:e10172
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2022
Identifiant unique:10.3390/ijerph191610172
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Service social et travail social
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Mots-clés:COVID-19 stress, adolescents, psychological adaptation, child abuse and neglect, anxiety, depression, conduct disorder, self-esteem, life satisfaction, longitudinal design, adolescent health, adaptation psychologique, maltraitance des enfants, anxiété, dépression, trouble de la conduite, estime de soi, satisfaction envers la vie.
Déposé le:26 oct. 2022 13:34
Dernière modification:26 oct. 2022 13:34
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