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Limited effect of thermal pruning on wild blueberry crop and its root-associated microbiota

Morvan Simon, Paré Maxime C., Schmitt Anne, Lafond Jean et Hijri Mohamed. (2022). Limited effect of thermal pruning on wild blueberry crop and its root-associated microbiota. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13, e954935.

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Thermal pruning was a common pruning method in the past but has progressively been replaced by mechanical pruning for economic reasons. Both practices are known to enhance and maintain high yields; however, thermal pruning was documented to have an additional sanitation effect by reducing weeds and fungal diseases outbreaks. Nevertheless, there is no clear consensus on the optimal fire intensity required to observe these outcomes. Furthermore, fire is known to alter the soil microbiome as it impacts the soil organic layer and chemistry. Thus far, no study has investigated into the effect of thermal pruning intensity on the wild blueberry microbiome in agricultural settings. This project aimed to document the effects of four gradual thermal pruning intensities on the wild blueberry performance, weeds, diseases, as well as the rhizosphere fungal and bacterial communities. A field trial was conducted using a block design where agronomic variables were documented throughout the 2-year growing period. MiSeq amplicon sequencing was used to determine the diversity as well as the structure of the bacterial and fungal communities. Overall, yield, fruit ripeness, and several other agronomical variables were not significantly impacted by the burning treatments. Soil phosphorus was the only parameter with a significant albeit temporary change (1 month after thermal pruning) for soil chemistry. Our results also showed that bacterial and fungal communities did not significantly change between burning treatments. The fungal community was dominated by ericoid mycorrhizal fungi, while the bacterial community was mainly composed of Acidobacteriales, Isosphaerales, Frankiales, and Rhizobiales. However, burning at high intensities temporarily reduced Septoria leaf spot disease in the season following thermal pruning. According to our study, thermal pruning has a limited short-term influence on the wild blueberry ecosystem but may have a potential impact on pests (notably Septoria infection), which should be explored in future studies to determine the burning frequency necessary to control this disease.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Identifiant unique:10.3389/fpls.2022.954935
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées > Agronomie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Mots-clés:thermal pruning, wild blueberry, Vaccinium angustifolium Ait., microbial community, ericoid mycorrhiza, amplicon sequencin
Déposé le:21 déc. 2022 21:19
Dernière modification:21 déc. 2022 21:19
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