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Cumulative interpersonal childhood adversity and post-traumatic stress symptoms across heterosexual, cisgender and gender and sexually diverse adolescents: The mediating role of emotion regulation

Ramos Brenda, Dion Jacinthe, Bőthe Beáta, Girouard Alice, Hébert Martine, Wong Eric et Bergeron Sophie. (2022). Cumulative interpersonal childhood adversity and post-traumatic stress symptoms across heterosexual, cisgender and gender and sexually diverse adolescents: The mediating role of emotion regulation. Child Abuse & Neglect, 124, e105454.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105454

Résumé

Background Emotion regulation has been identified as an explanatory factor in the association between interpersonal childhood adversity and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, most studies focused on adults or older adolescents, neglecting youth from the community, especially gender and sexually diverse (GSD) adolescents, who have a higher risk for exposure to adverse events and psychological difficulties, compared to their heterosexual, cisgender (HC) peers.

Objective The present cross-sectional study aimed to examine the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between cumulative interpersonal childhood adversity and PTSS across HC and GSD adolescents.

Methods A sample of 2904 ninth grade students (Mage = 14.53, SD = 0.61) completed a self-report survey. Multigroup path analyses were conducted to examine the proposed mediation model in all groups, and comparisons were made using chi-square difference tests.

Results Greater difficulties in emotion regulation mediated the association between greater cumulative interpersonal childhood adversity (β = 0.36, p < .001) and greater PTSS (β = 0.35, p < .001) – regardless of HC or GSD status – although the direct association between cumulative interpersonal childhood adversity and PTSS was significantly stronger among GSD boys (β = 0.36, p < .001) and GSD girls (β = 0.35, p < .001) than among HC boys (β = 0.21, p < .001) and HC girls (β = 0.25, p < .001).

Conclusions Findings offer a modifiable target for prevention and/or intervention among middle adolescents, as emotion regulation difficulties may partially explain the presence of PTSS following cumulative interpersonal childhood adversity.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:01452134
Volume:124
Pages:e105454
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2022
Identifiant unique:10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105454
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Mots-clés:cumulative interpersonal childhood adversity, emotion regulation difficulties, post-traumatic stress symptoms, adolescents, heterosexual/cisgender, gender/sexually diverse, adversité interpersonnelle cumulative de l'enfance, difficultés de régulation des émotions, symptômes de stress post-traumatique, hétérosexuel/cisgenre, diversité sexuelle.
Déposé le:18 janv. 2023 16:33
Dernière modification:18 janv. 2023 16:33
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