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Growth and productivity of black spruce in even- and uneven-aged stands at the limit of the closed boreal forest

Rossi Sergio, Tremblay Marie-Josée, Morin Hubert et Savard Germain. (2009). Growth and productivity of black spruce in even- and uneven-aged stands at the limit of the closed boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 258, (9), p. 2153-2161.

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The increasing commercial interest and advancing exploitation of new remote territories of the boreal forest require deeper knowledge of the productivity of these ecosystems. Canadian boreal forests are commonly assumed to be evenly aged, but recent studies show that frequent small-scale disturbances can lead to uneven-aged class distributions. However, how age distribution affects tree growth and stand productivity at high latitudes remains an unanswered question. Dynamics of tree growth in even- and uneven-aged stands at the limit of the closed black spruce (Picea mariana) forest in Quebec (Canada) were assessed on 18 plots with ages ranging from 77 to 340 years. Height, diameter and age of all trees were measured. Stem analysis was performed on the 10 dominant trees of each plot by measuring tree-ring widths on discs collected each meter from the stem, and the growth dynamics in height, diameter and volume were estimated according to tree age. Although growth followed a sigmoid pattern with similar shapes and asymptotes in even- and uneven-aged stands, trees in the latter showed curves more flattened and with increases delayed in time. Growth rates in even-aged plots were at least twice those of uneven-aged plots. The vigorous growth rates occurred earlier in trees of even-aged plots with a culmination of the mean annual increment in height, diameter and volume estimated at 40-80 years, 90-110 years earlier than in uneven-aged plots. Stand volume ranged between 30 and 238 m3 ha-1 with 75% of stands showing values lower than 120 m3 ha-1 and higher volumes occurring at greater dominant heights and stand densities. Results demonstrated the different growth dynamics of black spruce in single- and multi-cohort stands and suggested the need for information on the stand structure when estimating the effective or potential growth performance for forest management of this species.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Pages:p. 2153-2161
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Identifiant unique:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.08.023
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Unités de recherche > Centre de recherche sur la Boréalie (CREB)
Mots-clés:forest dynamics, forest structure, old-growth forest, Picea mariana, regeneration, stem analysis, black spruce
Déposé le:04 juill. 2023 14:50
Dernière modification:04 juill. 2023 14:50
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