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Vegetation and topography interact with weather to drive the spatial distribution of wildfires in the eastern boreal forest of Canada

Cavard Xavier, Boucher Jean-François et Bergeron Yves. (2015). Vegetation and topography interact with weather to drive the spatial distribution of wildfires in the eastern boreal forest of Canada. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 24, (3), p. 391-406.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF13128

Résumé

It is crucial to better understand and predict how burnt areas in the boreal forest will evolve under a changing climate and landscape. The objective of the present study was to predict burnt areas at several spatial and temporal scales in the Quebec continuous boreal forest and to compare the influence of weather, vegetation and topographic variables by including them and their interactions in logistic regressions. At the largest spatial scale (350 km2), the best model explained 66% of the data variability and was able to predict burnt areas with reasonable accuracy for 11 years (r = 0.48). Weather and vegetation or topographic variables had an equivalent importance, though no single vegetation or topographic variable was mandatory to the model performance. Interactions between weather and non-weather variables largely improved the model, particularly when several weather indices were used, as the sign of the interaction with a non-weather variable could differ between weather indices. Vegetation and topography are therefore important predictors of fire susceptibility, but risk factors may vary between wind- and drought-driven fire weather. Including at least some vegetation and topographic variables in statistical models linking burnt areas to weather data can greatly improve their predictive power.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:24
Numéro:3
Pages:p. 391-406
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2015
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées > Foresterie et sciences du bois
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Mots-clés:burnt areas prediction, fire susceptibility, fire weather index, logistic regressions, boreal, fire frequency, fuel, fire danger
Déposé le:26 nov. 2015 01:07
Dernière modification:05 déc. 2016 21:05
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