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Relationship between age and psychopathological manifestations in school-age children with an intellectual disability : the role of executive functioning

Richer Louis, Lachance Lise et Côté Alain. (2016). Relationship between age and psychopathological manifestations in school-age children with an intellectual disability : the role of executive functioning. DADD Online Journal, 3, (1), p. 181-200.

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Résumé

The risk of psychopathology among children with an intellectual disability (ID) is 3 to 4 times higher than their typical peers, with prevalence rates ranging from 35 to 40%. Psychopathological manifestations vary according to sex, age, and IQ of children with an ID. The present study explores the mediating role of executive functions, on the one hand, between age and psychopathological manifestations and, on the other hand, between IQ and psychopathological manifestations in school-age children with an ID. Participants were recruited in a rehabilitation center for people with intellectual disabilities (Quebec, Canada). Parents (106 mothers and 83 fathers) assessed their child (54 girls and 68 boys with an ID from 5 to 21 years old) by filling out the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive function (BRIEF) and the Developmental Behaviour Checklist – 2nd Edition – Primary Carer Version (DBC-P). Results showed that parents report a higher level of anxiety and more difficulty with emotional control for girls than boys. Moreover, IQ was not significantly correlated with BRIEF’s executive functioning subscales and indexes. Therefore, executive functions could not be considered as a mediating variable between IQ and psychopathological manifestations.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:3
Numéro:1
Pages:p. 181-200
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:Décembre 2016
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Mots-clés:Child, children, intellectual disability, psychopathology, executive functions, executive functionning, IQ
Déposé le:09 nov. 2016 23:53
Dernière modification:25 nov. 2016 15:50
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