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A 6-year-long manipulation with soil warming and canopy nitrogen additions does not affect xylem phenology and cell production of mature black spruce

Dao Madjelia C. E., Rossi Sergio, Walsh Denis, Morin Hubert et Houle Daniel. (2015). A 6-year-long manipulation with soil warming and canopy nitrogen additions does not affect xylem phenology and cell production of mature black spruce. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, (November), p. 1-9.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3389/fpls.2015.00877

Résumé

The predicted climate warming and increased atmospheric inorganic nitrogen deposition are expected to have dramatic impacts on plant growth. However, the extent of these effects and their interactions remains unclear for boreal forest trees. The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effects of increased soil temperature and nitrogen (N) depositions on stem intra-annual growth of two mature stands of black spruce [Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP] in Québec, QC, Canada. During 2008–2013, the soil around mature trees was warmed up by 4°C with heating cables during the growing season and precipitations containing three times the current inorganic N concentration were added by frequent canopy applications. Xylem phenology and cell production were monitored weekly from April to October. The 6-year-long experiment performed in two sites at different altitude showed no substantial effect of warming and N-depositions on xylem phenological phases of cell enlargement, wall thickening and lignification. Cell production, in terms of number of tracheids along the radius, also did not differ significantly and followed the same patterns in control and treated trees. These findings allowed the hypothesis of a medium-term effect of soil warming and N depositions on the growth of mature black spruce to be rejected.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:6
Numéro:November
Pages:p. 1-9
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2015
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Mots-clés:boreal forest, cambial activity, climate change, increased soil temperature, intra-annual growth, N deposition, wood anatomy, xylogenesis
Déposé le:10 févr. 2017 01:34
Dernière modification:10 févr. 2017 01:34
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