LiveZilla Live Chat Software

Constellation, le dépôt institutionnel de l'Université du Québec à Chicoutimi

Temporal relationship between dysfunctional beliefs, self-efficacy and panic apprehension in the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia

Bouchard Stéphane, Gauthier Janel, Nouwen Arie, Ivers Hans, Vallières Annie, Simard Sébastien et Fournier Thomas. (2007). Temporal relationship between dysfunctional beliefs, self-efficacy and panic apprehension in the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 38, (3), p. 275-292.

[img] PDF - Version publiée
Administrateurs seulement

195kB

URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2006.08.002

Résumé

The aim of this study is to assess if changes in dysfunctional beliefs and self-efficacy precede changes in panic apprehension in the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia. Subjects participated in a larger study comparing the effectiveness of cognitive restructuring and exposure. Four variables were measured: (a) the strength of each subject's main belief toward the consequence of a panic attack; (b) perceived self-efficacy to control a panic attack in the presence of panicogenic body sensations; (c) perceived self-efficacy to control a panic attack in the presence of panicogenic thoughts; and (d) the level of panic apprehension of a panic attack. Variables were recorded daily on a “0” to “100” scale using category partitioning. Multivariate time series analysis and “causality testing” showed that, for all participants, cognitive changes preceded changes in the level of panic apprehension. Important individual differences were observed in the contribution of each variable to the prediction of change in panic apprehension. Changes in apprehension were preceded by changes in belief in three cases, by changes in self-efficacy in six cases, and by changes in both belief and self-efficacy in the remaining three cases. This pattern was observed in participants in the exposure condition as well as those in the cognitive restructuring condition. These results provide more empirical support to the hypothesis that cognitive changes precede improvement. They also underlie the importance of individual differences in the process of change. Finally, this study does not support the hypothesis that exposure and cognitive restructuring operate through different mechanisms, namely a behavioral one and a cognitive one.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:38
Numéro:3
Pages:p. 275-292
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:Septembre 2007
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Sciences de la santé
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Mots-clés:Panic disorder with agoraphobia, treatment mechanism, times series analysis, apprehension, dysfunctional beliefs, catastrophic belief, self-efficacy, trouble de panique, agoraphobie, traitement, troubles anxieux, thérapie béhavioriste, thérapie comportementale, auto-efficacité, facteur temps, pensées dysfonctionnelles, pensées catastrophiques
Déposé le:20 déc. 2017 21:58
Dernière modification:20 déc. 2017 21:58
Afficher les statistiques de telechargements

Éditer le document (administrateurs uniquement)

Creative Commons LicenseSauf indication contraire, les documents archivés dans Constellation sont rendus disponibles selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons "Paternité, pas d'utilisation commerciale, pas de modification" 2.5 Canada.

Bibliothèque Paul-Émile-Boulet, UQAC
555, boulevard de l'Université
Chicoutimi (Québec)  CANADA G7H 2B1
418 545-5011, poste 5630