LiveZilla Live Chat Software

Constellation, le dépôt institutionnel de l'Université du Québec à Chicoutimi

Lifestyle factors and multimorbidity: a cross sectional study

Fortin Martin, Haggerty Jeannie, Almirall José, Bouhali Tarek, Sasseville Maxime et Lemieux Martin. (2014). Lifestyle factors and multimorbidity: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 14, p. 686.

[img]
Prévisualisation
PDF - Version publiée
Disponible sous licence Creative Commons Attribution.

366kB

URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-686

Résumé

Background: Lifestyle factors have been associated mostly with individual chronic diseases. We investigated the relationship between lifestyle factors (individual and combined) and the co-occurrence of multiple chronic diseases.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of results from the Program of Research on the Evolution of a Cohort Investigating Health System Effects (PRECISE) in Quebec, Canada. Subjects aged 45 years and older. A randomly-selected cohort in the general population recruited by telephone. Multimorbidity (3 or more chronic diseases) was measured by a simple count of self-reported chronic diseases from a list of 14. Five lifestyle factors (LFs) were evaluated: 1) smoking habit, 2) alcohol consumption, 3) fruit and vegetable consumption, 4) physical activity, and 5) body mass index (BMI). Each LF was given a score of 1 (unhealthy) if recommended behavioural targets were not achieved and 0 otherwise. The combined effect of unhealthy LFs (ULFs) was evaluated using the total sum of scores.

Results: A total of 1,196 subjects were analyzed. Mean number of ULFs was 2.6 ± 1.1 SD. When ULFs were considered separately, there was an increased likelihood of multimorbidity with low or high BMI [Odd ratio (95% Confidence Interval): men, 1.96 (1.11-3.46); women, 2.57 (1.65-4.00)], and present or past smoker [men, 3.16 (1.74-5.73)]. When combined, in men, 4-5 ULFs increased the likelihood of multimorbidity [5.23 (1.70-16.1)]; in women, starting from a threshold of 2 ULFs [1.95 (1.05-3.62)], accumulating more ULFs progressively increased the likelihood of multimorbidity.

Conclusions: The present study provides support to the association of lifestyle factors and multimorbidity.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:14
Pages:p. 686
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2014
Sujets:Sciences de la santé
Sciences de la santé > Sciences infirmières
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module des sciences infirmières
Mots-clés:multimorbidity, lifestyle factors, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, body mass index, multimorbidité, facteurs du mode de vie, habitudes tabagiques, consommation d'alcool, consommation de fruits et légumes, activité physique, indice de masse corporelle
Déposé le:17 avr. 2019 01:03
Dernière modification:17 avr. 2019 01:03
Afficher les statistiques de telechargements

Éditer le document (administrateurs uniquement)

Creative Commons LicenseSauf indication contraire, les documents archivés dans Constellation sont rendus disponibles selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons "Paternité, pas d'utilisation commerciale, pas de modification" 2.5 Canada.

Bibliothèque Paul-Émile-Boulet, UQAC
555, boulevard de l'Université
Chicoutimi (Québec)  CANADA G7H 2B1
418 545-5011, poste 5630