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Microstructure and compositional changes across biotite-rich reaction selvedges around mafic schollen in a semipelitic diatexite migmatite

Lin Lina et Sawyer Edward W.. (2019). Microstructure and compositional changes across biotite-rich reaction selvedges around mafic schollen in a semipelitic diatexite migmatite. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 37, (4), p. 539-566.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1111/jmg.12475

Résumé

Biotite‐rich selvedges developed between mafic schollen and semipelitic diatexite in migmatites at Lac Kénogami in the Grenville Province of Quebec. Mineral equilibria modelling indicates that partial melting occurred in the mid‐crust (4.8–5.8 kbar) in the range 820–850°C. The field relations, petrography, mineral chemistry and whole‐rock composition of selvedges along with their adjacent mafic schollen and host migmatites are documented for the first time. The selvedges measured in the field are relatively uniform in width (~1 cm wide) irrespective of the shape or size of their mafic scholle. In thin section, the petrographic boundary between mafic scholle and selvedge is defined by the appearance of biotite and the boundary between selvedge and diatexite by the change in microstructure for biotite, garnet, plagioclase and quartz. Three subtypes of selvedges are identified according to mineral assemblage and microstructure. Subtype I have orthopyroxene but of different microstructure and Mg# to orthopyroxene in the mafic scholle; subtype II contain garnet with many mineral inclusions, especially of ilmenite, in contrast to garnet in the diatexite host which has few inclusions; subtype III lack orthopyroxene or garnet, but has abundant apatite. Profiles showing the change in plagioclase composition from the mafic schollen across the selvedge and into the diatexite show that each subtype of selvedge has a characteristic pattern. Four types of biotite are identified in the selvedges and host diatexite based on their microstructural characteristics. (a) Residual biotite forms small rounded red‐brown grains, mostly as inclusions in peritectic cordierite and garnet in diatexite; (b) selvedge biotite forms tabular subhedral grains with high respect ratio; (c) diatexite biotite forms tabular subhedral grains common in the matrix of the diatexite; and (d) retrograde biotite that partially replaces peritectic cordierite and garnet in the diatexite. The four groups of biotite are also discriminated by their major element (EMPA) and trace elements (LA‐Q‐ICP‐MS) compositions. Residual biotite is high in TiO2 and low in Sc and S, whereas retrograde biotite has high Al2O3, but low Sc and Cr. Selvedge and diatexite biotite are generally very similar, but selvedge biotite has higher Sc and S contents. Whole‐rock compositional profiles across the selvedges constructed from micro‐XRF and LA‐Q‐ICP‐MS analyses show: (a) Al2O3, FeO, MgO and CaO all decrease from mafic scholle across the selvedge and into the diatexite; (b) Na2O is lowest in the mafic scholle, rises through the selvedge and reaches its maximum about 20–30 mm into the diatexite host; (c) K2O is lowest in the mafic scholle and reaches its highest value in the first half of the selvedge, then declines before reaching a higher, but intermediate value, about 20 mm into the diatexite. Of the trace elements, Cs and Rb show distributions very similar to K2O.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:37
Numéro:4
Pages:p. 539-566
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:9 Février 2019
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:microstructure, migmatite, biotite, Grenville, Québec, lisières, diatexite semi-pélitique, échange chimique
Déposé le:04 juin 2019 12:21
Dernière modification:04 juin 2019 12:21
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