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Exploring simulated driving performance among varsity male soccer players

Tremblay Mathieu, Lavallière Martin, Albert Wayne J., Boudreau Simon R. et Johnson Michel J.. (2019). Exploring simulated driving performance among varsity male soccer players. Traffic Injury Prevention, 20, (5), p. 528-533.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2019.1601715

Résumé

Background:

It is documented that male athletes display riskier behaviors while driving (as well as in life in general) than female athletes and nonathletes. However, the literature has reported that athletes show better driving ability than nonathletes. This paradox between behaviors and abilities motivated the present study to further understand the collision risk of varsity athletes.

Objective:

The current study estimates the performance differences between varsity male soccer players and male undergraduate nonathletes on (1) a driving task and (2) three perceptual–cognitive tasks (associated with collision risk prediction; i.e., Useful Field of View [UFOV] test).

Methods:

Thirty-five male undergraduate students (15 varsity soccer players, 20 undergraduate nonathletes) took part in this study. Driving performance was assessed during 14 min of urban commuting using a driving simulator. While completing the simulated driving task and UFOV test, the physiological responses were monitored using an electrocardiograph (ECG) to document heart rate variability (HRV).

Results:

Varsity soccer players showed more risky behaviors at the wheel compared to their nonathlete student peers. Varsity soccer players spent more time over the speed limit, committed more driving errors, and adopted fewer safe and legal behaviors. However, no difference was observed between both groups on driving skill variables (i.e., vehicle control, vehicle mobility, ecodriving). For subtests 1 and 2 of the UFOV (i.e., processing speed, divided attention), both groups performed identically (i.e., 17 ms). The nonathlete group tended to perform better on the selective attention task (i.e., subtest 3 of UFOV test; 63.2 ± 6.2 ms vs. 87.2 ± 10.7 ms, respectively; this difference was not significant, P = .76).

Conclusion:

Preventive driving measures should be enforced in this high-risk population to develop strategies for risk reduction in male team athletes.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:20
Numéro:5
Pages:p. 528-533
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2019
Sujets:Sciences de la santé
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation > Kinésiologie
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Programmes d'études en kinésiologie
Mots-clés:Undergraduate students, behavior, driving skills, perceptual–cognitive task, étudiants universitaires, comportement, compétences de conduite, tâche perceptuelle-cognitive
Déposé le:28 août 2019 00:56
Dernière modification:28 août 2019 00:56
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