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Seniors who experienced the Lac-Mégantic train derailment tragedy: what are the consequences on physical and mental health?

Maltais Danielle, Tremblay Anne-Julie, Labra Oscar, Fortin Geneviève, Généreux Mélissa, Roy Mathieu et Lansard Anne-Lise. (2019). Seniors who experienced the Lac-Mégantic train derailment tragedy: what are the consequences on physical and mental health? Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine, 5, p. 1-8.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1177/2333721419846191

Résumé

In July 2013, a train derailment caused the death of 47 people and destroyed the downtown area in the city of Lac-Mégantic (Quebec, Canada). This tragedy had several impacts on this small community. Method: Three years after this disaster, we used a representative population-based survey conducted among 800 adults (including 265 seniors aged 65 or above) to assess the physical and mental health of seniors. Results: Several differences were observed in seniors’ physical and mental health based on their level of exposure to the tragedy.Nearly half of seniors highly exposed to the train derailment (41.7%) believe that their health has deteriorated in the past 3 years. The majority of seniors highly exposed to the train derailment (68.7%) also show symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorders. Seniors highly or moderately exposed to the tragedy were also more likely to have found positive changes in their personal and social life as compared with nonexposed seniors. Discussion: A technological disaster such as a train derailment still had negative impacts on seniors’ physical and mental health 3 years later. Conclusion: Public health authorities must tailor prevention and promotion programs to restore health and well-being in this population.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:5
Pages:p. 1-8
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2019
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Service social et travail social
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales > Gériatrie-gérontologie
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences humaines > Unité d'enseignement en travail social
Mots-clés:seniors, posttraumatic stress, technological disaster, train derailment, postdisaster, psychological health, personnes agées, stress post-traumatique, santé psychologique, catastrophe technologique, déraillement de train
Déposé le:28 août 2019 21:57
Dernière modification:28 août 2019 21:57
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