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Selenium and sulfur concentrations in country rocks from the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, USA : Implications for formation of the Cu-Ni-PGE sulfides

Queffurus Matthias et Barnes Sarah-Jane. (2014). Selenium and sulfur concentrations in country rocks from the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, USA : Implications for formation of the Cu-Ni-PGE sulfides. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 109, (3), p. 785-794.

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Various studies suggest that the formation of a magmatic Ni-Cu-platinum group element (PGE) sulfide deposit requires addition of S from the country rocks into the magma. Many sulfide deposits have S/Se ratios higher than primary magmas, which is attributed to the preferential addition of S from the country rocks. However, this has not been clearly demonstrated because most studies do not determine Se in the country rocks, partly because, although Se concentration in igneous rocks can be assessed by most routine analytical techniques, their detection limits are too low for measuring with precision the level of Se in sedimentary rocks. We have determined Se abundances, using thiol cotton fiber (TCF) combined with instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), S, and delta (super 34) S on the magmatic sulfides of the Duluth Complex and on the host-rock sediments of the Virginia Formation. Our data show that the pelitic and metapelitic rocks of the Virginia Formation are characterized by low S/Se ratios ( approximately 3,000), close to the mantle values, whereas the S-rich layer known as the bedded pyrrhotite unit has high S/Se ratios ( approximately 20,000). Consequently, most of the Virginia Formation sediments and xenoliths are unsuitable as a source of S because they have S/Se ratios and delta (super 34) S values lower than those of the mineralized rocks (<10,000). Only the bedded pyrrhotite unit, which is present at the contact with the intrusion and as partly digested xenoliths within the intrusion, has S/Se ratios and delta (super 34) S values higher than those of the magmatic sulfides and could thus be the source of the S. Furthermore, the presence of sulfides in the norites around the xenoliths suggests that the S was released from the xenolith during melting of the xenolith. Detailed sampling from the xenoliths into the norite shows that the S/Se ratio and delta (super 34) S decrease with distance from the xenolith. Our results favor a mechanism of crustal S contamination by in situ assimilation of bedded pyrrhotite unit xenoliths.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Pages:p. 785-794
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:Animikie Group, assimilation, copper ores, country rocks, devolatilization, Duluth Complex, foot wall, host rocks, in situ, inclusions, isotope ratios, isotopes, Keweenawan Rift, magmas, melting, metal ores, metals, Minnesota, neutron activation analysis data, nickel ores, North America, O-18/O-16, oxygen, Paleoproterozoic, partial melting, Partridge River Intrusion, platinum group, platinum ores, Precambrian, Proterozoic, S-34/S-32, Saint Louis County Minnesota, sampling, selenium, South Kawishiwi Intrusion, stable isotopes, sulfur, textures, United States, upper Precambrian, Virginia Formation, whole rock, xenoliths, zoning
Déposé le:14 juin 2016 13:23
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 14:56
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