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Challenges to human drivers in increasingly automated vehicles

Hancock P. A., Kajaks Tara, Caird Jeff K., Chignell Mark H., Mizobuchi Sachi, Burns Peter C., Feng Jing, Fernie Geoff R., Lavallière Martin, Noy Ian Y., Redelmeier Donald A. et Vrkljan Brenda H.. (2020). Challenges to human drivers in increasingly automated vehicles. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 62, (2), p. 310-328.

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Objective : We examine the relationships between contemporary progress in on‐road vehicle automation and its coherence with an envisioned “autopia” (automobile utopia) whereby the vehicle operation task is removed from all direct human control.

Background : The progressive automation of on‐road vehicles toward a completely driverless state is determined by the integration of technological advances into the private automobile market; improvements in transportation infrastructure and systems efficiencies; and the vision of future driving as a crash‐free enterprise. While there are many challenges to address with respect to automated vehicles concerning the remaining driver role, a considerable amount of technology is already present in vehicles and is advancing rapidly.

Methods : A multidisciplinary team of experts met to discuss the most critical challenges in the changing role of the driver, and associated safety issues, during the transitional phase of vehicle automation where human drivers continue to have an important but truncated role in monitoring and supervising vehicle operations.

Results : The group endorsed that vehicle automation is an important application of information technology, not only because of its impact on transportation efficiency, but also because road transport is a life critical system in which failures result in deaths and injuries. Five critical challenges were identified: driver independence and mobility, driver acceptance and trust, failure management, third-party testing, and political support.

Conclusion : Vehicle automation is not technical innovation alone, but is a social as much as a technological revolution consisting of both attendant costs and concomitant benefits.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Pages:p. 310-328
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Identifiant unique:10.1177/0018720819900402
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie
Sciences de la santé
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation > Kinésiologie
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Programmes d'études en kinésiologie
Mots-clés:human driver capacity, trust, access, mobility, human–vehicle interaction, capacité du conducteur humain, confiance, accès, mobilité, interaction homme-véhicule, options d'accès
Déposé le:21 avr. 2021 23:35
Dernière modification:21 avr. 2021 23:35
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