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Physical and Functional Clinical Profile of Older Adults in Specialized Geriatric Rehabilitation Care Services in Saguenay-Québec: A Retrospective Study at La Baie Hospital

de Lima Maria do Carmo Correia, Dallaire Mathieu, Tremblay Catherine, Nicole Alexis, Fortin Émilie, Maluf Isabela Calixto, Nepton Josée, Severn Anne-France, Tremblay Patrice, Côté Sharlène, Bouchard Julie et da Silva Rubens A.. (2022). Physical and Functional Clinical Profile of Older Adults in Specialized Geriatric Rehabilitation Care Services in Saguenay-Québec: A Retrospective Study at La Baie Hospital. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19, (16), e9994.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19169994

Résumé

Musculoskeletal disorders, cardiovascular and neurological diseases were the most commonly debilitating conditions and risk factors associated with pain, mobility limitations, increased risk of falls and disability. Studies barely address the profile of older adults in care within a specialized geriatric rehabilitation service (SGRS) to provide subsidies for new actions within the public healthcare to reduce falls and improve management in health investments. This study aimed to establish a clinical physical and functional profile of the patients with neuromusculoskeletal and cognitive disorders and fallers in interventions within SGRS. From a retrospective study design, 127 medical records were compiled and analyzed to determine the physical and functional profile of older adults and differences according to sex, age groups and the benefits for local physical therapy intervention. The users were between 76 and 85 years of age, with diverse clinical diagnoses and debilitating conditions and impairments. A higher proportion presented gait and balance impairments and had two or more falls in 12 months. A significant effect for advanced age was observed. Overall, real benefits were reported with intervention for functional improvement, although the absence of a control group. These results have direct implications for a better understanding of a local SGRS and provide subsidies for developing new approaches for the assessment and treatment of older adults with high a risk of falls in order to reduce costs for the public health system.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:1660-4601
Volume:19
Numéro:16
Pages:e9994
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2022
Identifiant unique:10.3390/ijerph19169994
Sujets:Sciences de la santé
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation > Physiothérapie
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales > Gériatrie-gérontologie
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Unité d'enseignement en physiothérapie
Mots-clés:aging; falls; neuromusculoskeletal disorder; older people; rehabilitation, gait, geriatric assessment, hospitals, postural balance, vieillissement, chutes, troubles neuromusculo-squelettiques, personnes âgées, réadaptation, démarche, évaluation gériatrique, hôpital, équilibre postural.
Déposé le:26 oct. 2022 13:47
Dernière modification:26 oct. 2022 13:47
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