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tDCS Task-Oriented Approach Improves Function in Individuals With Fibromyalgia Pain. A Pilot Study

Morin Marika, St-Gelais Raphaël, Ketounou Kossi Épiphane, d'Assomption Régis M.-L., Ezzaidi Hassan, Fernandes Karen B. P., da Silva Rubens A. et Ngomo Suzy. (2021). tDCS Task-Oriented Approach Improves Function in Individuals With Fibromyalgia Pain. A Pilot Study. Frontiers in Pain Research, 2, e692250.

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URL officielle: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpain.2021.692250

Résumé

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex pain syndrome accompanied by physical disability and loss of daily life activities. Evidences suggest that modulation of the primary motor cortex (M1) by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) improves functional physical capacity in chronic pain conditions. However, the gain on physical function in people living with FM receiving tDCS is still unclear. This study aimed to evaluate whether the tDCS task-oriented approach improves function and reduces pain in a single cohort of 10 FM. A total of 10 women with FM (60.4 ± 15.37 years old) were enrolled in an intervention including anodal tDCS delivered on M1 (2 mA from a constant stimulator for 20 min); simultaneously they performed a functional task. The anode was placed on the contralateral hemisphere of the dominant hand. Outcome assessments were done before the stimulation, immediately after stimulation and 30 min after the end of tDCS. The same protocol was applied in subsequent sessions. A total of five consecutive days of tDCS were completed. The main outcomes were the number of repetitions achieved and time in active practice to evaluate functional physical task performance such as intensity of the pain (visual analog scale) and level of fatigue (Borg scale). After 5 days of tDCS, the number of repetitions achieved significantly increased by 49% (p = 0.012). No change was observed in active practice time. No increase in pain was observed despite the mobility of the painful parts of the body. These results are encouraging since an increase in pain due to the mobilization of painful body parts could have been observed at the end of the 5th day of the experiment. These results support the use of tDCS in task-based rehabilitation.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:2673-561X
Volume:2
Pages:e692250
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2021
Identifiant unique:10.3389/fpain.2021.692250
Sujets:Sciences de la santé
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation
Sciences de la santé > Sciences de l'activité physique et réadaptation > Physiothérapie
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Unité d'enseignement en physiothérapie
Mots-clés:fibromyalgia, pain, rehabilitation, tDCS, task-specific training, fibromyalgie, douleur, réadaptation, réhabilitation, formation spécifique à la tâche, analyse et exécution des tâches
Déposé le:26 oct. 2022 13:55
Dernière modification:26 oct. 2022 13:55
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