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Interannual kinetics (2010–2013) of large wood in a river corridor exposed to a 50-year flood event and fluvial ice dynamics

Boivin Maxime, Buffin-Bélanger Thomas et Piégay Hervé. (2017). Interannual kinetics (2010–2013) of large wood in a river corridor exposed to a 50-year flood event and fluvial ice dynamics. Geomorphology, 279, p. 59-73.

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Semi-alluvial rivers of the Gaspé Peninsula, Québec, are prone to produce and transport vast quantities of large wood (LW). The high rate of lateral erosion owing to high energy flows and noncohesive banks is the main process leading to the recruitment of large wood, which in turn initiates complex patterns of wood accumulation and reentrainment within the active channel. The delta of the Saint-Jean River (SJR) has accumulated large annual wood fluxes since 1960 that culminated in a wood raft of > 3-km in length in 2014. To document the kinetics of large wood on the main channel of SJR, four annual surveys were carried out from 2010 to 2013 to locate and describe > 1000 large wood jams (LWJ) and 2000 large wood individuals (LWI) along a 60-km river section. Airborne and ground photo/video images were used to estimate the wood volume introduced by lateral erosion and to identify local geomorphic conditions that control wood mobility and deposits. Video camera analysis allowed the examination of transport rates from three hydrometeorological events for specific river sections. Results indicate that the volume of LW recruited between 2010 and 2013 represents 57% of the total LW production over the 2004–2013 period. Volumes of wood deposited along the 60-km section were four times higher in 2013 than in 2010. Increases in wood amount occurred mainly in upper alluvial sections of the river, whereas decreases were observed in the semi-alluvial middle sections. Observations suggest that the 50-year flood event of 2010 produced large amounts of LW that were only partly exported out of the basin so that a significant amount was still available for subsequent floods. Large wood storage continued after this flood until a similar flood or an ice-breakup event could remobilise these LW accumulations into the river corridor. Ice-jam floods transport large amounts of wood during events with fairly low flow but do not contribute significantly to recruitment rates (ca. 10 to 30% early). It is fairly probable that the wood export peak observed in 2012 at the river mouth, where no flood occurred and which is similar to the 1-in 10-year flood of 2010, is mainly linked to such ice-break events that occurred in March 2012.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Pages:p. 59-73
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées > Eau et environnement
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences humaines > Module des sciences humaines
Unités de recherche > Laboratoire d’expertise et de recherche en géographie appliquée
Unités de recherche > Chaire de recherche sur les espèces aquatiques exploitées (CREAE)
Mots-clés:Large wood in rivers, wood transport, wood recruitment, wood budget, watershed scale, video monitoring, ice cover dynamics
Déposé le:25 janv. 2023 20:56
Dernière modification:17 oct. 2023 20:22
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