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Functional traits of boreal species and adaptation to local conditions

Klisz Marcin, Chakraborty Debojyoti, Cvjetković Branislav, Grabner Michael, Lintunen Anna, Mayer Konrad, George Jan-Peter et Rossi Sergio. (2023). Functional traits of boreal species and adaptation to local conditions. Dans Miguel Montoro Mirona, Hubert Morin, Sylvie Gauthier et Yves Bergeron (dir.), Boreal forests in the face of climate change. (74, p. 323-355). Cham : Springer.

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Species continuity under the harsh climatic conditions of the boreal forest requires trees to ensure the functioning of two main life processes, namely growth and reproduction. However, species survival becomes a challenge when environmental conditions become unstable and reach the taxa’s ecological tolerance limit. Survival in an unstable environment is possible through the concurring processes of phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation; each process has its advantages and shortcomings. Local adaptation allows attaining the best possible fitness under conditions of limited gene flow and strong directional selection, leading to specific adaptations to the local environment; however, there is a risk of maladaptation when conditions suddenly change. In turn, phenotypic plasticity provides trees an advantage when weather events change rapidly and enables a response expressed by the production of different phenotypes by the same genotype. However, this process is expensive in terms of costs in maintenance and causes developmental instability within the individual. Boreal trees utilize both processes as reflected in variations in their functional traits within the same species. In this chapter, we address the main life processes, presenting the variability of functional traits of flowering and seed production, xylem conductivity, bud and cambium phenology, as well as transpiration and photosynthesis, as a consequence of the interaction of genotype and environment. We describe the practical consequences of a variation in functional traits, as expressed in chemical and mechanical wood properties. Finally, we outline applications and perspectives for managing boreal forests in a context of heterogeneous and changing environmental conditions.

Type de document:Chapitre de livre
Lieu de publication:Cham
Identifiant unique:10.1007/978-3-031-15988-6_12
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées > Climatologie et météorologie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Biologie et autres sciences connexes
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Unités de recherche > Centre de recherche sur la Boréalie (CREB)
Éditeurs:Mirona, Miguel Montoro
Morin, Hubert
Gauthier, Sylvie
Bergeron, Yves
Mots-clés:boreal forest, tree, climate, phenotypic plasticity, local adaptation, wood properties
Déposé le:07 juin 2023 17:36
Dernière modification:07 juin 2023 17:36
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Creative Commons LicenseSauf indication contraire, les documents archivés dans Constellation sont rendus disponibles selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons "Paternité, pas d'utilisation commerciale, pas de modification" 2.5 Canada.

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