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Sexual abuse, residential schooling and probable pathological gambling among Indigenous Peoples

Dion Jacinthe, Cantinotti Michael, Ross Amélie et Collin-Vézina Delphine. (2015). Sexual abuse, residential schooling and probable pathological gambling among Indigenous Peoples. Child abuse & neglect, 44, p. 56-65.

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Résumé

Sexual abuse leads to short-term and long-lasting pervasive outcomes, including addictions. Among Indigenous Peoples, sexual abuse experienced in the context of residential schooling may have led to unresolved grief that is contributing to social problems, such as pathological (disordered) gambling. The aim of this study is to investigate the link between child sexual abuse, residential schooling and probable pathological gambling. The participants were 358 Indigenous persons (54.2% women) aged between 18 and 87 years, from two communities and two semi-urban centers in Quebec (Canada). Probable pathological gambling was evaluated using the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), and sexual abuse and residential schooling were assessed with dichotomous questions (yes/no). The results indicate an 8.7% past-year prevalence rate of pathological gambling problems among participants, which is high compared with the general Canadian population. Moreover, 35.4% were sexually abused, while 28.1% reported having been schooled in a residential setting. The results of a logistic regression also indicate that experiences of child sexual abuse and residential schooling are associated with probable pathological gambling among Indigenous Peoples. These findings underscore the importance of using an ecological approach when treating gambling, to address childhood traumas alongside current addiction problems.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:44
Pages:p. 56-65
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:Juin 2015
Sujets:Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences de l'éducation
Sciences sociales et humaines > Sciences sociales > Psychologie
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences de la santé > Module de psychologie
Mots-clés:Indigenous Peoples, gambling, pathological gambling, SOGS, residential school, child sexual abuse
Déposé le:25 févr. 2016 00:49
Dernière modification:25 nov. 2016 18:30
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