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Quantitative investigation of felsic rock textures using cathodoluminescence images and other techniques

Higgins Michael D.. (2017). Quantitative investigation of felsic rock textures using cathodoluminescence images and other techniques. Lithos, 277, p. 259-268.

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The qualitative and quantitative study of the textures (microstructures) of felsic rocks has been somewhat neglected, as compared to mafic rocks. This is partly because themajor phases are all colourless with similar birefringence. This problem has been addressed using cold-cathode cathodoluminescence (CL). This microscopebased method easily distinguishes quartz, K-feldspar and plagioclase, and can also identify zoning and other structures. A combination of CL and cross-polarised light images can be used to trace the outlines ofmost crystals in a thin section. These techniques have been applied to a dacite and three granitoids in order to understand the process of solidification. In three of the rocks, macrocrysts or oikocrysts have sealed-in textures whilst the rock was partially solid. These data are used to construct diagrams illustrating possible paths of phase abundance, crystal sizes and temperature during solidification. In all four rocks, the saturation order appears to be amphibole ± biotite + patite:plagioclase:K-feldspar:quartz. Plagioclase initially crystallises in a regime of increasing undercooling to give a kinetic texture. It is generally coarsened after K-feldspar has saturated. K-feldspar saturated and then immediately started to coarsen in three of the rocks. Competition between the growth of orthoclase and plagioclase may determine if macrocrysts or oikocrysts are formed. Quartz is the last phase to saturate and was coarsened in some rocks. The overall rock texture is therefore controlled by a combination of compositional effects on saturation temperatures, such as volatile content and cooling path. The solidification paths determined here are not unique, but do show what can be achieved from a textural study, with no knowledge of the volatile content of the magma.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Pages:p. 259-268
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:15 Avril 2017
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:textures, granitoids, cathodoluminescence, crystal size distribution, equilibration, distribution granulométrique, équilibration
Déposé le:20 juin 2018 13:11
Dernière modification:20 juin 2018 13:11
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