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Influence of hooding conditions on gas composition at duct end of an electrolysis cell

Dion Lukas, Kiss László, Poncsák Sándor et Lagacé Charles-Luc. (2016). Influence of hooding conditions on gas composition at duct end of an electrolysis cell. Dans : 34th International Conference and Exhibition of ICSOBA , 3 to 6 October, 2016, Hotel Palace Royal in Quebec, Quebec.

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Résumé

Aluminum smelters are known to be important producers of perfluorocarbons (PFC). These gases are generated when the localized overvoltage in the cell exceeds the threshold necessary to electrolyze the cryolite, hence generating an anode effect. When it remains localized, this event is difficult to identify and it can generate only a small amount of PFC for several hours. Under these conditions, the cell behavior is almost undisturbed and no action is initiated from the cell control system to correct the situation. To understand this phenomenon, it is common to extract the gas from the duct end of specific cells - where dilution is minimal - and measure the gas composition continuously using a Fourier-transformed infrared spectrometer (FTIR). However, air infiltration can affect the measured PFC concentration, and the gas flow rate in the duct of the cell. In this study, a tracer gas was injected into the cell under multiple scenarios to assess the impact of the hooding conditions on the flow rate and concentration of the measured gases. This investigation quantified the uncertainty associated with the measurements of the gas composition for six specific scenarios compared to optimal hooding conditions.

Type de document:Matériel de conférence (Non spécifié)
Date:3 Octobre 2016
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
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Mots-clés:Aluminum electrolysis, perfluorocarbon emissions, low voltage anode effect, hooding condition, FTIR measurements, électrolyse de l'aluminium, émissions de perfluorocarbone, effet d'anode basse tension, état du capot, mesures FTIR
Déposé le:22 janv. 2021 00:48
Dernière modification:26 janv. 2021 22:50
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