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Study on the cracking of carbon anodes used in aluminium industry

Amrani Salah, Kocaefe Duygu, Kocaefe Yasar S., Bhattacharyay Dipankar, Bouazara Mohamed et Côté Jules. (2021). Study on the cracking of carbon anodes used in aluminium industry. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, p. 1-12.

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Carbon anodes are used in aluminium electrolysis. Their quality plays a major role in the stability of cell operation and energy consumption. The improvement of the quality of carbon anodes is essential to respond to the many challenges the aluminium industry is facing with respect to issues related to carbon loss, energy use, cell performance, and production cost, especially for high amperage cells. The presence of cracks increases the anode resistivity, and, as a result, power consumption, production cost, and greenhouse gas emissions also increase. Therefore, it is important to know how the cracks form during anode production. An industrial measurement campaign was carried out at the Aluminerie Alouette Inc. (AAI) plant in Sept-Îles, Québec, Canada. The effect of raw materials (type of coke, pitch, and butts), vibro-compaction (vibro-compactor type, balloon pressure, and vibration time), and the position of anodes in the baking furnace on anode cracking was investigated. It was found that the anode centre is the region that contains the most cracks compared to other parts of the anode. The cracks in the horizontal direction are more predominant than those in other directions. The raw materials and the operating parameters of each anode production step affect anode cracking.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Pages:p. 1-12
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:3 Février 2021
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:aluminium electrolysis, anode cracking, baking, carbon anode production, vibro-compaction, électrolyse de l'aluminium, craquage d'anode, cuisson au four, production d'anode de carbone, vibro-compactage
Déposé le:21 oct. 2021 23:07
Dernière modification:03 févr. 2022 05:10
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