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Concentrations of Te, As, Bi, Sb and Se in the Marginal Zone of the Bushveld Complex: Evidence for crustal contamination and the nature of the magma that formed the Merensky Reef

Mansur Eduardo T. et Barnes Sarah-Jane. (2020). Concentrations of Te, As, Bi, Sb and Se in the Marginal Zone of the Bushveld Complex: Evidence for crustal contamination and the nature of the magma that formed the Merensky Reef. Lithos, 358-359, p. 105407.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2020.105407

Résumé

The association of platinum-group elements (PGE) and the chalcophile elements Te, As, Bi, Sb and Sn (TABS) has been extensively documented in several magmatic sulfide deposits over the past years. However, understanding the roles of TABS during the formation of magmatic sulfide deposits partially depends on constraining the concentration of TABS on the liquids from which they crystallized. This study presents the distribution of TABS (apart from Sn) in rocks of the Marginal Zone of the Bushveld Complex. These rocks record the composition of the parental magmas from which the Bushveld Complex have crystallized. The major and trace elements of the marginal rocks have been modelled as mixtures of komatiite, continental crust and a plagioclase-rich residuum. Similar mixtures are required to model the TABS in the marginal rocks, with the continental crust component contributing a large part of the As, Sb and Bi budgets in these melts. The concentrations of the TABS in the Merensky Reef can be modelled as a mixture of two of the magma types present in the Marginal Zone (the B-1 and B-2). The modelling also reveals that the distributions of Se, Te and Bi in the reef are essentially controlled by the presence of sulfide minerals, whereas As and Sb distributions are controlled by both sulfide minerals and melt component. This is because Se, Te and Bi are moderately to strongly chalcophile elements, but As and Sb are only slightly chalcophile elements. Thus, whole-rock As and Sb concentrations are not upgraded by the formation of the sulfide minerals, and may still be used to trace crustal contamination.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:358-359
Pages:p. 105407
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:Avril 2020
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:Te, As, Bi, Sb, Se, platinum-group elements, magmatic sulfide deposits, Bushveld complex, Marginal Zone, éléments du groupe du platine, dépôts de sulfures magmatiques, complexe de Bushveld, zone marginale
Déposé le:09 juin 2021 18:22
Dernière modification:09 juin 2021 18:22
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