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A Multi-Tool Analysis to Assess the Effectiveness of Passive Ice Protection Materials to Assist Rotorcraft Manual De-Icing

Brassard Jean-Denis, Posteraro Dany, Sobhani Sarah, Ruggi Marco et Momen Gelareh. (2021). A Multi-Tool Analysis to Assess the Effectiveness of Passive Ice Protection Materials to Assist Rotorcraft Manual De-Icing. Applied Sciences, 11, (24), e11847.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3390/app112411847

Résumé

Search and rescue missions using rotorcrafts need to be reliable all year long, even in winter conditions. In some cases of deployment prior to take off, the crew may need to manually remove accumulated contaminant from the critical surfaces using tools at their disposal. However, icy contaminant may be hard to remove since the rotorcrafts critical surfaces could be cooler than the environment, thus promoting adhesion. Currently, there exists several passive ice protection materials that could reduce the ice adhesion strength and assist the manual de-icing. The aim of this paper is to propose a detailed comparative procedure to assess the ability of materials to assist the manual de-icing of rotorcrafts. The proposed procedure consists of the characterization of materials using several laboratory tests in order to determine their characteristics pertaining to wettability, their icephobic behavior, and finally their assessment under a multi-tool analysis to evaluate if they can assist. The multi-tool analysis uses different mechanical tools, which are currently used during normal operation, to execute a gradual de-icing procedure, which begins with the softest to the hardest tool using a constant number of passes or strokes, under different types of simulated precipitation. Five different materials were used to evaluate the proposed procedure: Aluminum (used as a reference), two silicone-based coatings (Nusil and SurfEllent), an epoxy-based coating (Wearlon), and finally a commercial ski wax (Swix). All of the tested materials could assist the manual de-icing, within a certain limit, when compared to the bare aluminum. However, SurfEllent was the material that obtained the best overall results. This procedure could be easily adapted to different fields of application and could be used as a development tool for the optimization and the assessment of new materials aimed to reduce ice adhesion.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:2076-3417
Volume:11
Numéro:24
Pages:e11847
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2021
Identifiant unique:10.3390/app112411847
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie
Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences appliquées
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Unités de recherche > Centre international de recherche sur le givrage atmosphérique et l’ingénierie des réseaux électriques (CENGIVRE) > Laboratoire des revêtements glaciophobes et ingénierie des surfaces (LaRGIS)
Unités de recherche > Centre international de recherche sur le givrage atmosphérique et l’ingénierie des réseaux électriques (CENGIVRE) > Laboratoire international des matériaux antigivres (LIMA)
Mots-clés:icephobic, de-icing, anti-icing, multi-tool, rotorcraft, coating, polymers, passive ice protection, icephobe, dégivrage, antigivrage, multi-outil, giravion, revêtement, polymères, protection passive contre la glace
Déposé le:13 avr. 2022 00:06
Dernière modification:13 avr. 2022 00:06
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