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Expression signature of the Leigh syndrome French-Canadian type

Bchetnia Mbarka, Tardif Jessica, Morin Charles et Laprise Catherine. (2022). Expression signature of the Leigh syndrome French-Canadian type. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports, 30, e100847.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.ymgmr.2022.100847

Résumé

As a result of a founder effect, a Leigh syndrome variant called Leigh syndrome, French-Canadian type (LSFC, MIM / 220,111) is more frequent in Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ), a geographically isolated region on northeastern Quebec, Canada. LSFC is a rare autosomal recessive mitochondrial neurodegenerative disorder due to damage in mitochondrial energy production. LSFC is caused by pathogenic variants in the nuclear gene leucine-rich pentatricopeptide repeat-containing (LRPPRC). Despite progress understanding the molecular mode of action of LRPPRC gene, there is no treatment for this disease. The present study aims to identify the biological pathways altered in the LSFC disorder through microarray-based transcriptomic profile analysis of twelve LSFC cell lines compared to twelve healthy ones, followed by gene ontology (GO) and pathway analyses. A set of 84 significantly differentially expressed genes were obtained (p ≥ 0.05; Fold change (Flc) ≥ 1.5). 45 genes were more expressed (53.57%) in LSFC cell lines compared to controls and 39 (46.43%) had lower expression levels. Gene ontology analysis highlighted altered expression of genes involved in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and energy production, glucose and lipids metabolism, oncogenesis, inflammation and immune response, cell growth and apoptosis, transcription, and signal transduction. Considering the metabolic nature of LSFC disease, genes included in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and energy production cluster stood out as the most important ones to be involved in LSFC mitochondrial disorder. In addition, the protein-protein interaction network indicated a strong interaction between the genes included in this cluster. The mitochondrial gene NDUFA4L2 (NADH dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] 1 alpha subcomplex, 4-like 2), with higher expression in LSFC cells, represents a target for functional studies to explain the role of this gene in LSFC disease. This work provides, for the first time, the LSFC gene expression profile in fibroblasts isolated from affected individuals. This represents a valuable resource to understand the pathogenic basis and consequences of LRPPRC dysfunction.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
ISSN:22144269
Volume:30
Pages:e100847
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2022
Identifiant unique:10.1016/j.ymgmr.2022.100847
Sujets:Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales > Biologie moléculaire
Sciences de la santé > Sciences médicales > Génétique
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences fondamentales
Mots-clés:Cytochrome c oxidase, gene expression, Leigh syndrome, Leigh syndrome French-Canadian type (LSFC), LRPPRC, microarrays, mitochondrial chain respiration, NDUFA4L2, rare diseases
Déposé le:09 mai 2022 17:02
Dernière modification:09 mai 2022 17:02
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