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The use of mantle normalization and metal ratios in the identification of the sources of platinum-group elements in various metal-rich black shales

Pasava Jan, Barnes Sarah-Jane et Vymazalova Anna. (2003). The use of mantle normalization and metal ratios in the identification of the sources of platinum-group elements in various metal-rich black shales. Mineralium Deposita, 38, (6), p. 775-783.

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URL officielle: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00126-...

Résumé

It has been shown that Ni/Cu versus Pd/Ir and Cu/Ir versus Ni/Pd ratios, as well as mantle-normalized metal patterns can be successfully used to evaluate the effects of partial melting, crystal fractionation and sulfide saturation in mafic and ultramafic rocks. Platinum-group element (PGE) enrichments occur in Zn-, Cu- and Ni-rich black shales in a number of geological settings. These facies are generally associated with the development of continental rift structures, both without significant volcanic activity (examples in Canada, China, Finland and Poland) and with volcanic activity (Czech Republic and Namibia). Using the same element ratios as were used in mafic igneous rocks, it is evident that metal-rich black shales associated with volcanic rocks reflect the fractionation of PGEs in volcanogenic facies. It is further concluded that, in metal-rich black shales in which distributions of Ni and Cu have been altered by various processes, the Cu/Ir versus Ni/Pd and Ni/Cu versus Pd/Ir ratios plots are applicable for determination of the source of PGEs only after careful evaluation of Ni and Cu enrichments.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:38
Numéro:6
Pages:p. 775-783
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2003
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Sciences naturelles > Sciences de la terre (géologie, géographie)
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Unité d'enseignement en sciences de la Terre
Mots-clés:Metal-rich black shale, mantle normalization, metal ratios, source of PGEs
Déposé le:10 juin 2016 13:50
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 14:50
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