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Canadian icing envelopes near the surface and its impact on wind energy assessment

Lamraoui Fayçal, Fortin Guy, Perron Jean et Benoit Robert. (2015). Canadian icing envelopes near the surface and its impact on wind energy assessment. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 120, p. 76-88.

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URL officielle: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.coldregions.2015.0...

Résumé

The present study aims at producing localized near-surface icing envelopes that contribute to optimal designs of near-surface structures under icing conditions. For this purpose, the 99th percentiles of liquid water content and wind speed that correspond to low-level supercooled clouds are used. Near-surface icing events and cloud microphysics are explored using North American Regional Reanalysis during winter months (D-J-F), over 32years. The investigation of the regional climatology of icing events involves 74 regional zones that cover Canada. For each zone, regional power loss of wind turbines under icing condition is estimated. The East and West coastal regions of the Hudson Bay demonstrate higher liquid cloud water of 0.4gm-3. The highest potential of wind is located in the West coast. The climatology of liquid water content around the Rocky Mountains manifests orographic condensation of the Pacific moisture transported toward the mountains. Within the range of temperatures [-15°C to 0°C], the near-surface results over Canada show that the monthly mean of wind speeds varies mostly between 4ms-1 and 10ms-1, and the mean supercooled cloud water content decreases linearly from 0.3gm-3 to 0.2gm-3, with decreasing temperature. The quantification of ice accumulation and the duration of icing events reveal that the West and the South of the Hudson Bay as well as the North of Manitoba and Ontario are exposed to extreme icing conditions, with a monthly accumulation that varies from 150mm to 225mm, and a monthly duration of icing events near 375h. Over the region encompassing the Gaspe Peninsula, St. Lawrence River and New Brunswick the higher limit of wind speed varies around 15ms-1. The cloud water upper limit of 0.45gm-3 occurs in December and January, and 0.3gm-3 in February. With decreasing temperature these upper limits reach 0.1gm-3 at -15°C. The highest wind energy is located in the Canadian East Coast regions. The Canadian arctic is characterized mostly by lower wind energy and larger power degradation under icing conditions. The average of wind turbine power loss during winter months (D-J-F) under icing conditions varies throughout Canada and reaches its maximum of about 15% over North-East of Manitoba, South of the Hudson Bay and the North coast of Ontario.

Type de document:Article publié dans une revue avec comité d'évaluation
Volume:120
Pages:p. 76-88
Version évaluée par les pairs:Oui
Date:2015
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:Cloud icing, cloud microphysics, design envelopes, reanalysis, microphysique des nuages, réanalyse, enveloppes de givrage
Déposé le:22 janv. 2016 00:56
Dernière modification:09 déc. 2016 13:48
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