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A novel high temperature heat treatment process for wood

Kocaefe Duygu, Kocaefe Yasar S. et Oumarou Noura. A novel high temperature heat treatment process for wood. Dans : 11th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics , 20-23 July 2015, South Africa.

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Résumé

Wood is heated to temperatures in the range of 180–240°C in heat-treatment furnaces. At these temperatures, the wood structure undergoes changes leading to better dimensional stability, better resistance to biological attacks, and a darker attractive color. The high-temperature heat treatment of wood is an alternate and ecologically-sound wood preservation process to chemically treated wood. During heat treatment, wood goes through simultaneous heat and mass transfer. The heat is transferred from the hot gases to the wood boards in the furnace. As the temperature of wood increases, water content of wood vaporizes and diffuses out of the boards. At higher temperatures, a number of irreversible structural changes take place in wood cells. The furnace design is important to carry out the heat treatment process uniformly and effectively. A new heat treatment furnace design has been proposed at UQAC and a prototype furnace has been built and tested. Also, a 3D model of the furnace was developed to complement the experimental work and to gain insight into the heat treatment process taking place in the furnace. In this article, the new furnace design and its advantages are discussed. Results of the measurements and predictions of the mathematical model are presented to show the effectiveness of the new furnace design for heat treating standard wood boards as well as pieces of wood with different geometries.

Type de document:Matériel de conférence (Non spécifié)
Sujets:Sciences naturelles et génie > Génie > Génie des matériaux et génie métallurgique
Département, module, service et unité de recherche:Départements et modules > Département des sciences appliquées > Module d'ingénierie
Mots-clés:heat treatment, temperatures, wood, hot gases
Déposé le:22 mars 2019 00:02
Dernière modification:22 mars 2019 00:02
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